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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Cytokines produced by various cells are strong local mediators of inflammation. Mucosa-associated epithelial chemokine (CCL28), interleukin-8 (IL-8), interleukin-1beta(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Human β-defensins (hBDs) have a strong antibacterial action against various microorganisms, especially periodontal pathogens. The aim of this study was to compare the total(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Cathelicidin (LL-37) and human β-defensin-2 (hBD-2) are antimicrobial peptides that have additional functions in innate immunity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE To achieve satisfactory osseointegration, primary stability and healthy peri-implant tissue must be available. In this study, our objective was to compare the adrenomedullin,(More)
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