Learn More
In the last 10 years, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have emerged as a therapeutic approach to regenerative medicine, cancer, autoimmune diseases, and many more due to their potential to differentiate into various tissues, to repair damaged tissues and organs, and also for their immunomodulatory properties. Findings in vitro and in vivo have demonstrated(More)
Establishment of mixed chimerism is an ideal approach to induce donor-specific tolerance while expanding its potential in various clinical settings. Despite the developments in partial conditioning regimens, improvements are still needed in reducing toxicity and bone marrow transplantation-related complications. Recently, cell-based therapies, including(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have emerged as a therapeutic approach in a range of medical fields, including regenerative medicine, cancer, autoimmune diseases, and inflammatory diseases, because of their unique properties of tissue repair and major histocompatibility complex-unmatched immunosuppression. Because both in vitro and in vivo findings(More)
Interleukin (IL) 21 plays a key role in the development of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Therapeutic manipulation of IL-21 activity may improve acute GVHD during the early-posttransplant period. We investigated the mechanisms regulating T- and B-cells during IL-21 blockade in acute GVHD. Interleukin 21(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) possess immunomodulatory properties and have potential, however, there have been conflicting reports regarding their effects in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), which causes inflammation and destruction of the joints. Through a comparative analysis of regulatory T (Treg) and IL-10-producing type 1 regulatory T (Tr1) cells, we(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have rapidly been applied in a broad field of immune-mediated disorders since the first successful clinical use of MSCs for treatment of graft-versus-host disease. Despite the lack of supporting data, expectations that MSCs could potentially treat most inflammatory conditions led to rushed application and development of(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent stromal cells with the potential to differentiate into different tissue lineages. In addition to their differentiation potential, MSCs possess immunomodulatory properties that have created growing interest in both pre-clinical and clinical research. Over the years, MSCs have been applied rapidly in the clinic in(More)
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are seen as an ideal source of cells to induce graft acceptance; however, some reports have shown that MSCs can be immunogenic rather than immunosuppressive. We speculate that the immunomodulatory effects of regulatory T cells (Tregs) can aid the maintenance of immunoregulatory functions of MSCs, and that a combinatorial(More)
Therapeutic effects of combined cell therapy with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and regulatory T cells (Treg cells) have recently been studied in acute graft-versus-host-disease (aGVHD) models. However, the underlying, seemingly synergistic mechanism behind combined cell therapy has not been determined. We investigated the origin of Foxp3+ Treg cells and(More)
Attaining security through cryptography techniques can be puzzling. A large and potentially confusing variety of security solutions are built from a relatively small number of primitive cryptographic components. It is widely recognized however; that data security will play a crucial role in modern times for business will be transacted over the internet and(More)