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Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in mice has been shown to produce hyperalgesia and upregulation of interleukin (IL)-1beta and nerve growth factor (NGF) levels. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of thymulin on CL-induced hyperalgesia and cytokine upregulation. Daily treatment with thymulin (1, 100, and 1000 ng/ip) produced dose-dependent(More)
The role of ECM-degrading proteinases in normal developmental processes and in pathological conditions is extensively studied. However, few reports describe the role ECM-degrading proteinases play in modulating hyperalgesia. The goal of this study is to describe the regulation of gelatinases during endotoxin mediated local inflammation, induced by intra(More)
Painful legs and moving toes syndrome is rare. It is predominantly diagnosed in middle-aged adults following a history of spinal cord surgery or trauma. The syndrome consists of abnormal repetitive movements, most commonly in the lower extremities, accompanied by pain in the affected limb. Pain usually precedes the movements. We report a case in a young(More)
BACKGROUND Deep brain stimulation (DBS) provides clinical benefits for a variety of movement disorders and lately emerged as a potential treatment for cognitive and mood disorders. Modulation of adult hippocampal neurogenesis may play a role in mediating its effects. OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of unilateral anteromedial thalamic nucleus (AMN)(More)
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