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Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) may alleviate certain forms of neuropathic pain; its mechanisms of action are, however, not fully understood. Previous studies have mainly been focused onto segmental spinal mechanisms, though there is evidence indicating a supraspinal involvement. This study aims to evaluate the relative importance of segmental and supraspinal(More)
Neurodegenerative diseases affecting the midbrain dopaminergic system have been reported to produce spontaneous pains like in Parkinson's disease. Using various pain tests for acute (hot plate test, HPT, tail flick, TFT, paw pressure test, PPT and paw immersion test, PIT) and chronic deafferentation (autotomy, AT, following peripheral neurectomy) pains in(More)
Exposure to mid range ultrat violet radiations (UVBs) has been shown to produce systemic inflammation and hyperalgesia in mice [Saadé, N.E., Nasr, I.W., Massaad, C.A., Safieh-Garabedian, B., Jabbur, S.J., Kanaan, S.A., 2000. Modulation of ultraviolet-induced hyperalgesia and cytokine upregulation by interleukins 10 and 13. Br. J. Pharmacol. 131, 1317-1324].(More)
The mesocorticolimbic circuitry has been implicated in the pathophysiology of several neuropsychiatric syndromes like chronic pain and addiction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of dizocilpine (MK-801), a non-competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist, on sensorimotor behaviors and the consequent changes in the dopamine,(More)
In cats with upper spinal lesions disconnecting the dorsal column (DC) from the spinocervicolemniscal and ventral tract (VT) systems, single unit responses in the inferior colliculus could be evoked by DC and VT stimulation. Excitatory convergence and inhibitory interactions were observed between DC, VT, visual and auditory inputs both in the external and(More)
Classical description of syndromes produced by cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) does not include sensory manifestations such as pain and/or itching, despite the evident upregulation of proinflammatory cytokines. Using a murine model of CL we report on evident hyperalgesia, as assessed by acute pain tests, and sustained upregulation of interleukin (IL-1beta) and(More)
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in mice has been shown to produce hyperalgesia and upregulation of interleukin (IL)-1beta and nerve growth factor (NGF) levels. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of thymulin on CL-induced hyperalgesia and cytokine upregulation. Daily treatment with thymulin (1, 100, and 1000 ng/ip) produced dose-dependent(More)
Since the initial description by Wall [Wall, P.D., 1967. The laminar organization of dorsal horn and effects of descending impulses. J. Neurophysiol. 188, 403-423] of tonic descending inhibitory control of dorsal horn neurons, several studies have aimed to characterize the role of various brain centers in the control of nociceptive input to the spinal cord.(More)
Cytokines, peptide hormones and neurotransmitters, as well as their receptors/ligands, are endogenous to the brain, endocrine and immune systems. These shared ligands and receptors are used as a common chemical language for communication within and between the immune and neuroendocrine systems. Such communication suggests an immunoregulatory role for the(More)
In the endotoxin-induced inflammation, interleukin-10 reduced significantly, and in a dose-dependent manner, the inflammatory pain as assessed by mechanical and thermal tests. The levels of Tumour Necrosis Factor (TNF)alpha and NGF were upregulated at 1.5 h whereas those of IL-1beta at 6 h after ET injection. IL-10 downregulated the levels of TNFalpha (from(More)