Nayanendu Saha

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The Eph family of receptor tyrosine kinases and their ephrin ligands are mediators of cell-cell communication. Cleavage of ephrin-A2 by the ADAM10 membrane metalloprotease enables contact repulsion between Eph- and ephrin-expressing cells. How ADAM10 interacts with ephrins in a regulated manner to cleave only Eph bound ephrin molecules remains unclear. The(More)
Eph receptors are the largest subfamily of receptor tyrosine kinases regulating cell shape, movements, and attachment. The interactions of the Ephs with their ephrin ligands are restricted to the sites of cell-cell contact since both molecules are membrane attached. This review summarizes recent advances in our understanding of the molecular mechanisms(More)
Upon spinal cord injury, the myelin inhibitors, including the myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG), Nogo-A and the oligodendrocyte myelin glycoprotein (OMgp), bind to and signal via a single neuronal receptor/co-receptor complex comprising of Nogo receptor 1(NgR1)/LINGO-1 and p75 or TROY, impeding regeneration of injured axons. We employed a cell-free(More)
Sub-cellular localization of different ornithine-urea cycle enzymes was studied in the liver and kidney of a freshwater air-breathing teleost. Carbamyl phosphate synthetase, ornithine transcarbamylase, and arginase were found to be localized inside the mitochondria, and argininosuccinate synthetase and argininosuccinate lyase were found in the soluble(More)
The inhibition of axon regeneration upon mechanical injury is dependent on interactions between Nogo receptors (NgRs) and their myelin-derived ligands. NgRs are composed of a leucine-rich repeat (LRR) region, thought to be structurally similar among the different isoforms of the receptor, and a divergent "stalk" region. It has been shown by others that the(More)
Upon spinal cord injury, the central nervous system axons are unable to regenerate, partially due to the repulsive action of myelin inhibitors, such as the myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG), Nogo-A and the oligodendrocyte myelin glycoprotein (OMgp). These inhibitors bind and signal through a single receptor/co-receptor complex that comprises of(More)
Here we present a genetic analysis of the yeast cap-methylating enzyme Abd1p. To identify individual amino acids required for Abd1p function, we introduced alanine mutations at 35 positions of the 436-amino acid yeast protein. Two new recessive lethal mutations, F256A and Y330A, were identified. Alleles F256L and Y256L were viable, suggesting that(More)
The ADAM10 transmembrane metalloprotease cleaves a variety of cell surface proteins that are important in disease, including ligands for receptor tyrosine kinases of the erbB and Eph families. ADAM10-mediated cleavage of ephrins, the ligands for Eph receptors, is suggested to control Eph/ephrin-mediated cell-cell adhesion and segregation, important during(More)
The (guanine-N7)-methyltransferase domain of the vaccinia virus mRNA capping enzyme is a heterodimer composed of a catalytic subunit D1(498-844) bound to a stimulatory subunit D12. To identify structural elements of the 287-amino-acid D12 subunit that participate in binding and activation of the catalytic subunit, we introduced 12 double-alanine mutations(More)
Here we investigated how capping and methylation of HIV pre-mRNAs are coupled to Pol II elongation. Stable binding of the capping enzyme (Mce1) and cap methyltransferase (Hcm1) to template-engaged Pol II depends on CTD phosphorylation, but not on nascent RNA. Both Mce1 and Hcm1 travel with Pol II during elongation. The capping and methylation reactions(More)