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OBJECTIVE The aims of this research were (a) to study the interrater reliability of a posture observation method, (b) to test the impact of different posture categorization systems on interrater reliability, and (c) to provide guidelines for improving interrater reliability. BACKGROUND Estimation of posture through observation is challenging. Previous(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies demonstrated that in vivo and ex vivo MRI can characterize the components of the carotid atherosclerotic plaque, such as fibrous tissue, lipid/necrotic core, calcium, hemorrhage, and thrombus. The purpose of this study was to determine whether in vivo high-resolution multicontrast MRI could accurately classify human carotid(More)
OBJECTIVE This study evaluates the ability of MRI to quantify all major carotid atherosclerotic plaque components in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS Thirty-one subjects scheduled for carotid endarterectomy were imaged with a 1.5T scanner using time-of-flight-, T1-, proton density-, and T2-weighted images. A total of 214 MR imaging locations were matched to(More)
We measured concentrations and ratios of mutagenic (8-OH) lesions to putatively nonmutagenic formamidopyrimidine (Fapy) lesions of adenine (Ade) and guanine (Gua) to elucidate radical (.OH)-induced changes in DNA of normal, normal from cancer, and cancer tissues of the prostate. The relationship between the lesions was expressed using the mathematical model(More)
PURPOSE To provide sample size calculation for the quantitative assessment of carotid atherosclerotic plaque using non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging in multi-center clinical trials. METHODS. As part of a broader double-blind randomized trial of an experimental pharmaceutical agent, 20 asymptomatic placebo-control subjects were recruited from 5(More)
BACKGROUND The results of studies of advanced lesions of atherosclerosis suggest that the thickness of the fibrous cap that overlies the necrotic core distinguishes the stable lesion from one that is at high risk for rupture and thromboembolic events. We have developed a high-resolution MRI technique that can identify the fine structure of the lesion,(More)
As part of an ongoing longitudinal cohort study of children with mild, moderate, and severe traumatic brain injury and their matched controls, the neurobehavioral status of 94 case-control pairs was assessed one year after initial postinjury testing. There was a statistically significant dose-response association of severity with performance in all six(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies suggest that erythrocyte membranes from intraplaque hemorrhage into the necrotic core are a source of free cholesterol and may become a driving force in the progression of atherosclerosis. We have shown that MRI can accurately identify carotid intraplaque hemorrhage and precisely measure plaque volume. We tested the hypothesis(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE High-resolution, multicontrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has developed into an effective tool for the identification of carotid atherosclerotic plaque components, such as necrotic core, fibrous matrix, and hemorrhage/thrombus. Factors that may lead to plaque instability are lipid content, thin fibrous cap, and intraplaque(More)
We propose a model to measure both regional ventilation (V) and perfusion (Q) in which the regional radiodensity (RD) in the lung during xenon (Xe) washin is a function of regional V (increasing RD) and Q (decreasing RD). We studied five anesthetized, paralyzed, mechanically ventilated, supine sheep. Four 2.5-mm-thick computed tomography (CT) images were(More)