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BACKGROUND AND METHODS From 1996 through 2006, 195 cases were reported as transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) to the Serious Hazards of Transfusion scheme and from 1999 onward classified by probability, using clinical features and HLA and/or HNA typing. From late 2003, the National Blood Service provided 80 to 90 percent of fresh-frozen plasma(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperhemolysis syndrome (HS) has been well described both in sickle cell disease (SCD) and non-SCD patients. The pathogenesis remains unclear. The possible mechanisms include bystander hemolysis, suppression of erythropoiesis, and destruction of red cells (RBCs) due to contact lysis via activated macrophages. CASE REPORT This study reports a(More)
BACKGROUND An atypical form of life-threatening hemolytic transfusion reaction (HTR) in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) has been well described in the literature. Continuation of blood transfusion may be lethal, as it can further exacerbate hemolysis. The pathophysiologic mechanism of HTR is not well understood. CASE REPORTS Two cases of severe(More)
H. W. Reesink, J. Lee, A. Keller, P. Dennington, J. Pink, R. Holdsworth, H. Schennach, M. Goldman, T. Petraszko, J. Sun, Y. Meng, K. Qian, V. Rehacek, P. Turek, T. Krusius, E. Juvonen, P. Tiberghien, D. Legrand, G. Semana, J. Y. Muller, J. Bux, A. Reil, C. K. Lin, H. Daly, E. McSweeney, L. Porretti, N. Greppi, P. Rebulla, H. Okazaki, S. A. Sánchez-Guerrero,(More)
Transfusion related acute lung injury (TRALI) is one of the complications of blood transfusion and can result in major morbidity or mortality. The diagnosis depends upon the application of strict clinical criteria defining acute lung injury (ALI) and a temporal relationship to blood transfusion. We present the clinical and immunogenetic findings of 96(More)
Hyperhaemolysis syndrome (HS), a syndrome in which there is destruction of both donor and recipient red cells after transfusion, is well recognised in patients with sickle cell disease and beta-thalassaemia. It has also been reported in a patient with myelofibrosis. In acute forms of HS, evidence of red cell antibody-mediated haemolysis is lacking, and it(More)
Typhoid fever is endemic in the South Pacific. We investigated an outbreak in Nauru. Through interviews and medical records, we identified 50 persons with onset between 1 October 1998 and 10 May 1999, of fever lasting > or = 3 days and one other symptom. Salmonella Typhi was isolated from 19 (38%) cases. Thirty-two (64%) patients were school-aged children,(More)
Thrombocytosis is a frequent presenting feature of myeloproliferate disorders and is associated with increased incidence of thrombotic and haemorrhage complications. However, these complications are rare in chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). We describe a case of CML which presented with digital gangrene due to thrombocytosis. Reduction of the platelet count(More)