Nawal Mejren AL-Hamad

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AIM To investigate the level of diabetes knowledge in a population with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and a high prevalence of illiteracy, to identify the main gaps in the knowledge and to study the determinants of the knowledge score. METHODS This cross-sectional survey involved 24 diabetes clinics and Kuwaiti adults with T2D (n=5114), and used the Michigan(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe nutrient intakes and prevalence of overweight and obesity in a nationally representative sample of Kuwaitis and to compare intakes with reference values. DESIGN Cross-sectional, multistage stratified, cluster sample. Settings National nutrition survey covering all geographical areas of the country. SUBJECTS Kuwaitis (n 1704)(More)
International comparisons of adolescent overweight and obesity are hampered by the lack of a single agreed measurement reference. We compared 3 BMI-for-age references on samples of adolescent girls from Egypt, Kuwait and Lebanon. Overweight and obesity was highest in Kuwait and lowest in Lebanon. Performance of the 3 standards differed only slightly(More)
Weight loss is one of the major side effects associated with intermaxillary fixation (IMF) following orthognathic surgery or jaw fractures. The aim of this study was to retrospectively interview patients treated with intermaxillary fixation for diet control (IMFDC) to collect base-line information regarding: (1) perceived effectiveness, patients' compliance(More)
OBJECTIVE The 2H dilution technique is the reference method to estimate total body water for body composition assessment. The aims of the present study were to establish the total body water technique at the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research and assess body composition of Kuwaiti children. DESIGN The isotope ratio mass spectrometer was calibrated(More)
The Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) is witnessing an increase in chronic disorders, including mental illness. With ongoing unrest, this is expected to rise. This is the first study to quantify the burden of mental disorders in the EMR. We used data from the Global Burden of Disease study (GBD) 2013. DALYs (disability-adjusted life years) allow assessment(More)
OBJECTIVE To ascertain abdominal obesity prevalence (waist circumference, WC) in adolescents and to develop smoothed WC percentile charts for Kuwaiti adolescents for public health use. SUBJECTS AND METHODS A cross-sectional study of 4,219 healthy Kuwaiti male and female secondary school students between the ages of 11-19 years was examined. Adolescents(More)
The aim of this pilot study was to assess body composition and total energy expenditure (TEE) in 35 obese 7-9 years old Kuwaiti children (18 girls and 17 boys). Total body water (TBW) and TEE were assessed by doubly-labeled water technique. TBW was derived from the intercept of the elimination rate of deuterium and TEE from the difference in elimination(More)
T lifestyle of the residents of Arab and Persian Gulf countries is changing due to globalization. They consume more fat, meat, fast foods, and sugar than before.1 To assess an individuals’ dietary intake, a valid dietary tool is needed. We developed such an instrument for the population of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The foods consumed in UAE, however,(More)
OBJECTIVE The beneficial role of breast-feeding for maternal and child health is now well established. Its possible role in helping to prevent diabetes and obesity in children in later life means that more attention must be given to understanding how patterns of infant feeding are changing. The present study describes breast-feeding profiles and associated(More)