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Acetylcholine and bradykinin produced potent relaxation of isolated canine intrapulmonary arteries contracted by serotonin, norepinephrine, or phenylephrine-provided the endothelium was left intact. Selective mechanical destruction of the endothelium transformed the activity of these substances from vasodilatation to vasoconstriction. Acetylcholine-induced(More)
Passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) has been demonstrated in young and adult domestic fowl using antisera obtained from actively sensitized chickens on the day of their maximal susceptibility to systemic anaphylaxis. Young chickens are more sensitive to histamine and PCA reaction than adults. The PCA reaction was inhibited by the H1-histamine receptor(More)
Histamine, 2-methylhistamine (2-MeH: a relatively specific H1 receptor agonist), 5-HT, carbachol, bradykinin (BK) and PGF2alpha contract isolated cat pulmonary vein, artery and hepatic vein. PGE1, PGF2alpha and 4-methylhistamine (4-MeH: a relatively specific H2-receptor agonist) contract pulmonary arterial strips but further increase in the dose of PGE1(More)
In this study the effect of purified rat anti-mouse IL-5 monoclonal antibody on aeroallergen-induced infiltration of eosinophils in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of guinea pigs was studied. The i.p. injection of anti-IL-5 antibody 4 h after aeroallergen challenge inhibited eosinophil infiltration in a dose-dependent fashion. The resulting ED50 was 10(More)
The correlation between the antiasthma activity of azelastine and the concentrations of azelastine and its major metabolite, desmethylazelastine, in the blood and lung were investigated in guinea pigs. Blood and lung tissue samples collected at 15 min after aeroallergen (ovalbumin, 0.5 mg/ml, 30 s, 15 psi) challenge, i.e., 2-1/4 h after oral administration(More)
Responses of isolated airway smooth muscles of a subhuman primate to carbachol and histamine were investigated. Isolated lung parenchymal strips of rhesus monkeys (RM) exhibited approximately equal sensitivity (i.e., ED50) and contractility (i.e., maximum tension) to carbachol and histamine. Tracheal chains and bronchial strips responded with(More)
In vitro studies were undertaken to determine the reactivity and contractility of the rat main pulmonary artery (RPA) to some selected vasoactive agents. Oxytocin was found to be inactive RPA exhibited a poor responsiveness to vasopressin, acetylcholine, histamine, and bradykinin. Prostaglandins B2 and E2, K+, angiotensin, sympathomimetic agents(More)
The ability of azelastine to inhibit allergic histamine release from rabbit mixed leukocytes was studied and compared with selected antiallergic drugs. Azelastine, ketotifen, diphenhydramine, theophylline and disodium cromoglycate (DSCG) produced concentration-dependent inhibition of allergic histamine release from rabbit basophils. The concentrations(More)
Bepridil, TMB-8 (8-(diethylamino)octyl 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoate hydrochloride), diltiazem, verapamil and nifedipine exerted concentration-dependent inhibition of antigen and calcium ionophore A23187-induced histamine release from rat peritoneal mast cells. The inhibitory effects of verapamil and bepridil against calcium ionophore A23187-induced histamine(More)