Naveen Kalra

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OBJECTIVES Decreased magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) in the brain characterizes cerebral edema (CE) in patients with liver cirrhosis, but the role of treatment on its reversibility has not been studied in patients who have minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE). This study was carried to evaluate the reversibility of CE with lactulose and rifaximin(More)
Present study proposes a computer-aided diagnostic system to assist radiologists in identifying focal liver lesions in B-mode ultrasound images. The proposed system can be used to discriminate focal liver diseases such as Cyst, Hemangioma, Hepatocellular carcinoma and Metastases, along with Normal liver. The study is performed with 111 real ultrasound(More)
Speckle is a primary factor which degrades the contrast resolution and masks the meaningful texture information present in an ultrasound image. Its presence severely hampers the interpretation and analysis of ultrasound images. When speckle reduction technique is applied for visual enhancement of ultrasound images, it is to be kept in mind that blurring(More)
A system to characterize normal liver, cirrhotic liver and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) evolved on cirrhotic liver is proposed in this paper. The study is performed with 56 real ultrasound images (15 normal, 16 cirrhotic and 25 HCC liver images) taken from 56 subjects. A total of 180 nonoverlapping regions of interest (ROIs), i.e. 60 from each image(More)
A neural network ensemble (NNE) based computer-aided diagnostic (CAD) system to assist radiologists in differential diagnosis between focal liver lesions (FLLs), including (1) typical and atypical cases of Cyst, hemangioma (HEM) and metastatic carcinoma (MET) lesions, (2) small and large hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) lesions, along with (3) normal (NOR)(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a prototype tumor wherein angiogenesis plays a vital role in its progression. The role of VEGF, a major angiogenic factor in HCC is known; however, the role of anti-angiogenic factors simultaneously with the angiogenic factors has not been studied before. Hence, in this study, the serum levels of major angiogenic [Vascular(More)
Tumor angiogenesis, a major requirement for tumor growth and metastasis, is regulated by pro- and anti-angiogenic factors. The aim of this study was to quantify the expression of angiogenic (VEGF, HIF-1α, Angiopiotein-2) and anti-angiogenic (endostatin, angiostatin and Thrombospondin-1) factors and to discern their clinical relevance. A total 90 patients(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM This study intends to determine the correlation of a patient's hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) measurement with six factors: Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) score, model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score, presence of ascites, size of varices, presence of variceal bleeding, and an etiology of cirrhosis. The study also aims to identify(More)
Percutaneous cholangioplasty is a commonly performed procedure for both benign and malignant diseases. The most common route for accessing the biliary tree is transhepatic, following ultrasound or fluoroscopic-guided percutaneous puncture. There are situations when alternative routes can be utilized to access the common bile duct (CBD). We accessed the CBD(More)