Naveed Mustfa

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Correspondence to: Professor P N Leigh, King’s MND Care and Research Centre, Department of Neurology, Institute of Psychiatry and Guy’s King’s and St Thomas’s School of Medicine, PO Box 41, Institute of Psychiatry, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK; n.leigh@iop.kcl.ac.uk _________________________ T he management of motor neurone disease (MND) has evolved(More)
BACKGROUND Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, also known as motor neuron disease, is a fatal neurodegenerative disease. Neuromuscular respiratory failure is the commonest cause of death, usually within two to five years of the disease onset. Supporting respiratory function with mechanical ventilation may improve survival and quality of life. This is the first(More)
In this issue, Hadjikoutis and Wiles correctly identify that respiratory failure is the commonest cause of death in Motor Neurone Disease (MND) and discuss the use of venous bicarbonate and chloride to assess respiratory function. The study’s finding that this domiciliary investigation can provide prognostic information regarding the respiratory status of(More)
BACKGROUND Although quadriceps weakness is well recognised in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the aetiology remains unknown. In disabled patients the quadriceps is a particularly underused muscle and may not reflect skeletal muscle function as a whole. Loss of muscle function is likely to be equally distributed if the underlying pathology is a(More)
Twitch transdiaphragmatic pressure (Tw Pdi) measured with magnetic stimulation of the phrenic nerve is used to follow up patients and to assess the effect of clinical treatments on diaphragm function. However the reproducibility of Tw Pdi on different occasions has been little studied. We investigated 32 normal subjects, measuring Tw Pdi elicited by(More)
A 26 week gestation infant had an increasingly elevated right hemidiaphragm following drainage of bilateral pleural effusions and failed extubation on numerous occasions. Electric stimulation of the phrenic nerves revealed absent activity on the right, indicating phrenic nerve injury from chest tube drain insertion. Diaphragmatic plication was performed and(More)
Maximal expiratory mouth pressure is a well established test that is used to assess expiratory muscle strength. However, low values are difficult to interpret, as they may result from technical difficulties in performing the test, particularly in patients with facial muscle weakness or bulbar dysfunction. We hypothesized that measuring the gastric pressure(More)
BACKGROUND Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) reduces mortality and improves some aspects of quality of life (QoL) in ALS. However, concerns remain that progressive disability may negate these benefits and unnecessarily burden caregivers. METHODS Thirty-nine patients requiring NIV were offered treatment. Twenty-six were established on NIV, but 13 declined or(More)
Twitch transdiaphragmatic pressure (Pdi,tw), measured following magnetic stimulation of the phrenic nerves, is used to assess diaphragm strength, contractility and fatigue. Although the effects of posture, lung volume and potentiation on Pdi,tw are well described, it is not known whether the degree of gastric filling affects the measurement. Pdi,tw was(More)
Cough flows and pressures were measured during cough augmentation in healthy subjects and patients with bulbar and nonbulbar amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Manual assistance increased flow 11% in bulbar (p < 0.01) and 13% in nonbulbar (p < 0.001) patients. Mechanical insufflation-exsufflation increased flow 17% in healthy subjects (p < 0.05), 26% (p <(More)