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Activation of macrophages leads to the secretion of cytokines and enzymes that shape the inflammatory response and increase metabolic processes. This, in turn, results in increased production of reactive oxygen species. The role of Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD-1), an important enzyme in cellular oxygen metabolism, was examined in activated peritoneal(More)
Human and rat granulosa cells express receptors to leptin which synergies with glucocorticoid hormones in stimulation of ovarian steroidogenesis. To examine whether leptin affects follicular development and maturation, we injected recombinant ovine leptin (300 ng-10 microg/animal) daily to immature 21 day-old female rats. Non-treated rats reached puberty at(More)
Meiotically arrested mammalian oocytes are stimulated to resume meiosis by LH. This response, which can be reversed by elevation of intraoocyte cAMP levels, is associated with interruption of gap junctional communication (GJC) within the ovarian follicle. In the present study, we examined the hypothesis that disruption of GJC within the ovarian follicle is(More)
Ovulation is stimulated by the preovulatory surge of the pituitary luteinizing hormone (LH). Because the ovulatory response is commonly identified with inflammation, we explored the involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in this process. Our experiments show that administration of broad-range scavengers of oxidative species into the ovarian bursa of(More)
BACKGROUND Anti-cancer therapies frequently lead to ovarian damage and impaired fertility. To preserve fertility, cryopreservation and subsequent transplantation of the ovaries have been suggested. One of the challenges in ovarian graft transplantation is overcoming the initial ischaemic damage that depletes a significant fraction of the oocyte pool. (More)
Blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) contrast was used to monitor hypoxia induced by cloprostenol, a prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)) analog, in the rat embryo-placental unit (EPU). It is shown that administration of cloprostenol (0.025 mg/rat) at mid-gestation (day 16) reduced EPU oxygenation, as detected by BOLD contrast MRI, in correlation with(More)
Established gap junctional communication (GJC) in the ovarian follicle is essential for maintaining the oocytes in meiotic arrest. Alternatively, LH-induced reinitiation of meiosis is subsequent to breakdown of GJC. It was recently reported that nitric oxide (NO) inhibits maturation in rat follicle-enclosed oocytes and elevates GJC in cultured mesangial(More)
Cancer patients, treated by either chemo- or radiotherapy, frequently suffer from ovarian failure and infertility. One of the new emerging techniques to preserve reproductive potential of such patients is cryopreservation of ovarian fragments prior to treatment and their retransplantation after healing. A major obstacle in survival of the ovarian implants(More)
Fundamental aspects of embryonic and post-natal development, including maintenance of the mammalian female germline, are largely unknown. Here we employ a retrospective, phylogenetic-based method for reconstructing cell lineage trees utilizing somatic mutations accumulated in microsatellites, to study female germline dynamics in mice. Reconstructed cell(More)
The isoflavones biochanin A ( 1a), genistein ( 1b), and daidzein ( 4) at concentrations >20 microM inhibit cell growth of various cancer cell lines. To enhance the antiproliferative activities of these compounds, we synthesized three analogs, 2-[3-carboxy-(6-tert-butoxycarbonylamino)-hexylamino-propyl]-7,5-dihydroxy-4'-methoxyisoflavone ( 3a),(More)