Natsumi Sawada

Learn More
Vitamin K occurs in the natural world in several forms, including a plant form, phylloquinone (PK), and a bacterial form, menaquinones (MKs). In many species, including humans, PK is a minor constituent of hepatic vitamin K content, with most hepatic vitamin K content comprising long-chain MKs. Menaquinone-4 (MK-4) is ubiquitously present in extrahepatic(More)
We previously reported that phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) dramatically increases the gelating activity of smooth muscle alpha-actinin (Fukami, K., Furuhashi, K., Inagaki, M., Endo, T., Hatano, S., and Takenawa, T. (1992) Nature 359, 150-152) and that the hydrolysis of PIP2 on alpha-actinin by tyrosine kinase activation may be important in(More)
Extended glycoconjugate binding specificities of three sialic acid-dependent immunoglobulin-like family member lectins (siglecs), myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG), Schwann cell myelin protein (SMP), and sialoadhesin, were compared by measuring siglec-mediated cell adhesion to immobilized gangliosides. Synthetic gangliosides bearing the alpha-series(More)
Our previous study revealed that human CYP24A1 catalyzes a remarkable metabolism consisting of both C-23 and C-24 hydroxylation pathways that used both 25(OH)D(3) and 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) as substrates, while rat CYP24A1 showed extreme predominance of the C-24 over C-23 hydroxylation pathway [Sakaki, T., Sawada, N., Komai, K., Shiozawa, S., Yamada, S.,(More)
Streptomyces griseolus cytochrome P450SU-1 (CYP105A1) was expressed in Escherichia coli at a level of 1.0 micromol/L culture and purified with a specific content of 18.0 nmol/mg protein. Enzymatic studies revealed that CYP105A1 had 25-hydroxylation activity towards vitamin D2 and vitamin D3. Surprisingly, CYP105A1 also showed 1alpha-hydroxylation activity(More)
The expression of mouse CYP27B1 in Escherichia coli has been dramatically enhanced by coexpression of GroEL/ES. To reveal the enzymatic properties of CYP27B1, we measured its hydroxylation activity toward vitamin D3 and 1alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 (1alpha(OH)D3) in addition to the physiological substrate 25(OH)D3. Surprisingly, CYP27B1 converted vitamin D3 to(More)
Human vitamin D(3) 25-hydroxylase (CYP27A1) cDNA was expressed in Escherichia coli, and its enzymatic properties were revealed. The reconstituted system containing the membrane fraction prepared from the recombinant E. coli cells was examined for the metabolism of vitamin D(3). Surprisingly, at least eight forms of metabolites including the major product(More)
Infants born with medical problems are at risk for less optimal developmental outcomes. This may be, in part, because neonatal medical problems are associated with maternal distress, which may adversely impact infants. However, the reserve capacity model suggests that an individual's bank of psychosocial resources buffers the adverse effects of(More)
Regucalcin plays an important role as a regulatory protein in intracellular signaling pathway in many cells. Regucalcin transgenic (TG) rats have been shown to induce a remarkable increase in serum triglyceride and HDL-cholesterol concentrations at the age of 36 weeks (35). Furthermore, this was investigated in regucalcin TG rats with increasing age (14,(More)
The molecular cloning and sequencing of the cDNA coding for a novel regucalcin gene promoter region-related protein (RGPR-p117) from bovine, rabbit and chicken livers was investigated using rapid amplification of cDNA endo (RACE) method. Their nucleotide and amino acid sequences were compared with human, rat and mouse sequences published previously.(More)