Natsumi Sawada

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Vitamin K occurs in the natural world in several forms, including a plant form, phylloquinone (PK), and a bacterial form, menaquinones (MKs). In many species, including humans, PK is a minor constituent of hepatic vitamin K content, with most hepatic vitamin K content comprising long-chain MKs. Menaquinone-4 (MK-4) is ubiquitously present in extrahepatic(More)
Both 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) and phenobarbital (PB) enhanced hepatocyte DNA synthesis stimulated with epidermal growth factor (EGF) by 60 to 80% in primary culture when measured by the incorporation of [3H]thymidine. This apparent increase was not due to changes in the specific activity of the deoxythymidine triphosphate (dTTP) pool. TPA(More)
UbiA prenyltransferase domain containing 1 (UBIAD1) is a novel vitamin K2 biosynthetic enzyme screened and identified from the human genome database. UBIAD1 has recently been shown to catalyse the biosynthesis of Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) in zebrafish and human cells. To investigate the function of UBIAD1 in vivo, we attempted to generate mice lacking Ubiad1, a(More)
Seventeen missense mutations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) 1alpha-hydroxylase (CYP27B1) that cause Vitamin D-dependent rickets type I (VDDR-I) have been identified. To understand the mechanism by which each mutation disrupts 1alpha-hydroxylase activity and to visualize the substrate-binding site, we performed the homology modeling of CYP27B1. The(More)
It is well documented that Vitamin D3 metabolites and synthetic analogs are metabolized to their epimers of the hydroxyl group at C-3 of the A-ring. We investigated the C-3 epimerization of Vitamin D3 metabolites in various cultured cells and basic properties of the enzyme responsible for the C-3 epimerization. 1alpha,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3(More)
Infants born with medical problems are at risk for less optimal developmental outcomes. This may be, in part, because neonatal medical problems are associated with maternal distress, which may adversely impact infants. However, the reserve capacity model suggests that an individual's bank of psychosocial resources buffers the adverse effects of(More)
UbiA prenyltransferase domain-containing protein 1 (UBIAD1) plays a significant role in vitamin K2 (MK-4) synthesis. We investigated the enzymological properties of UBIAD1 using microsomal fractions from Sf9 cells expressing UBIAD1 by analysing MK-4 biosynthetic activity. With regard to UBIAD1 enzyme reaction conditions, highest MK-4 synthetic activity was(More)
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