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We previously reported that phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) dramatically increases the gelating activity of smooth muscle alpha-actinin (Fukami, K., Furuhashi, K., Inagaki, M., Endo, T., Hatano, S., and Takenawa, T. (1992) Nature 359, 150-152) and that the hydrolysis of PIP2 on alpha-actinin by tyrosine kinase activation may be important in(More)
Extended glycoconjugate binding specificities of three sialic acid-dependent immunoglobulin-like family member lectins (siglecs), myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG), Schwann cell myelin protein (SMP), and sialoadhesin, were compared by measuring siglec-mediated cell adhesion to immobilized gangliosides. Synthetic gangliosides bearing the alpha-series(More)
Infants born with medical problems are at risk for less optimal developmental outcomes. This may be, in part, because neonatal medical problems are associated with maternal distress, which may adversely impact infants. However, the reserve capacity model suggests that an individual's bank of psychosocial resources buffers the adverse effects of(More)
Vitamin K occurs in the natural world in several forms, including a plant form, phylloquinone (PK), and a bacterial form, menaquinones (MKs). In many species, including humans, PK is a minor constituent of hepatic vitamin K content, with most hepatic vitamin K content comprising long-chain MKs. Menaquinone-4 (MK-4) is ubiquitously present in extrahepatic(More)
The expression of albumin in bone-related cells was investigated. Bone marrow cells and femoral-diaphyseal and -metaphyseal tissues were obtained from normal rat femur. Western blot analysis for protein in the lysate of bone marrow cells showed expression of albumin. The production of albumin was found in the bone marrow cells and femoral-diaphyseal and(More)
Regucalcin plays an important role as a regulatory protein in intracellular signaling pathway in many cells. Regucalcin transgenic (TG) rats have been shown to induce a remarkable increase in serum triglyceride and HDL-cholesterol concentrations at the age of 36 weeks (35). Furthermore, this was investigated in regucalcin TG rats with increasing age (14,(More)
Recently, epimerization of the hydroxyl group at C-3 has been identified as a unique metabolic pathway of vitamin D compounds. We measured C-3 epimerization activity in subcellular fractions prepared from cultured cells and investigated the basic properties of the enzyme responsible for the epimerization. C-3 epimerization activity was detected using a(More)
Recently, it was revealed that 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1alpha,25(OH)2D3) and 24R,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (24,25(OH)2D3) were metabolized to their respective epimers of the hydroxyl group at C-3 of the A-ring. We now report the isolation and structural assignment of 3-epi-25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (3-epi-25(OH)D3 as a major metabolite of 25-hydroxyvitamin(More)
Streptomyces griseolus cytochrome P450SU-1 (CYP105A1) was expressed in Escherichia coli at a level of 1.0 micromol/L culture and purified with a specific content of 18.0 nmol/mg protein. Enzymatic studies revealed that CYP105A1 had 25-hydroxylation activity towards vitamin D2 and vitamin D3. Surprisingly, CYP105A1 also showed 1alpha-hydroxylation activity(More)
Renal 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 1 alpha-hydroxylase cDNA cloned from the kidneys of mice lacking the vitamin D receptor was expressed in Escherichia coli JM109. As expected, the bacterially-expressed enzyme catalyzes the 1 alpha-hydroxylation of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 with a Michaelis constant, K(m), value of 2.7 microM. Unexpectedly, the enzyme also hydroxylates(More)