Learn More
We previously reported that phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) dramatically increases the gelating activity of smooth muscle alpha-actinin (Fukami, K., Furuhashi, K., Inagaki, M., Endo, T., Hatano, S., and Takenawa, T. (1992) Nature 359, 150-152) and that the hydrolysis of PIP2 on alpha-actinin by tyrosine kinase activation may be important in(More)
The expression of mouse CYP27B1 in Escherichia coli has been dramatically enhanced by coexpression of GroEL/ES. To reveal the enzymatic properties of CYP27B1, we measured its hydroxylation activity toward vitamin D3 and 1alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 (1alpha(OH)D3) in addition to the physiological substrate 25(OH)D3. Surprisingly, CYP27B1 converted vitamin D3 to(More)
Extended glycoconjugate binding specificities of three sialic acid-dependent immunoglobulin-like family member lectins (siglecs), myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG), Schwann cell myelin protein (SMP), and sialoadhesin, were compared by measuring siglec-mediated cell adhesion to immobilized gangliosides. Synthetic gangliosides bearing the alpha-series(More)
Infants born with medical problems are at risk for less optimal developmental outcomes. This may be, in part, because neonatal medical problems are associated with maternal distress, which may adversely impact infants. However, the reserve capacity model suggests that an individual's bank of psychosocial resources buffers the adverse effects of(More)
Vitamin K occurs in the natural world in several forms, including a plant form, phylloquinone (PK), and a bacterial form, menaquinones (MKs). In many species, including humans, PK is a minor constituent of hepatic vitamin K content, with most hepatic vitamin K content comprising long-chain MKs. Menaquinone-4 (MK-4) is ubiquitously present in extrahepatic(More)
The expression of albumin in bone-related cells was investigated. Bone marrow cells and femoral-diaphyseal and -metaphyseal tissues were obtained from normal rat femur. Western blot analysis for protein in the lysate of bone marrow cells showed expression of albumin. The production of albumin was found in the bone marrow cells and femoral-diaphyseal and(More)
Recently, it was revealed that 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1alpha,25(OH)2D3) and 24R,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (24,25(OH)2D3) were metabolized to their respective epimers of the hydroxyl group at C-3 of the A-ring. We now report the isolation and structural assignment of 3-epi-25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (3-epi-25(OH)D3 as a major metabolite of 25-hydroxyvitamin(More)
Regucalcin plays an important role as a regulatory protein in intracellular signaling pathway in many cells. Regucalcin transgenic (TG) rats have been shown to induce a remarkable increase in serum triglyceride and HDL-cholesterol concentrations at the age of 36 weeks (35). Furthermore, this was investigated in regucalcin TG rats with increasing age (14,(More)
Human 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D3) 24-hydroxylase (CYP24) cDNA was expressed in Escherichia coli, and its enzymatic and spectral properties were revealed. The reconstituted system containing the membrane fraction prepared from recombinant E. coli cells, adrenodoxin and adrenodoxin reductase was examined for the metabolism of 25(OH)D3, 1alpha,25(OH)2D3(More)
We have determined eight types of missense mutants of CYP27B1 from Japanese vitamin D-dependent rickets type I (VDDR-I) patients [Kitanaka, S., Takeyama, K., Murayama, A., Sato, T., Okumura, K., Nogami, M., Hasegawa, Y., Niimi, H., Yanagisawa, J., Tanaka, T. & Kato, S. (1998) New England J. Med., 338, 653-661 and Kitanaka, S., Murayama, A., Sakaki, T.,(More)