Natsuko Yamakawa

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Site-directed mutagenesis studies have suggested that additional peptide information in the central cell-binding domain of fibronectin besides the minimal Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) sequence is required for its full adhesive activity. The nature of this second, synergistic site was analyzed further by protein chemical and immunological approaches using biological(More)
The G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), which form the largest group of transmembrane proteins involved in signal transduction, are major targets of currently available drugs. Thus, the search for cognate and surrogate peptide ligands for GPCRs is of both basic and therapeutic interest. Here we describe the application of an in vitro DNA display technology(More)
Posttranscriptional gene regulation by small RNAs (15-40-nucleotide noncoding RNAs) is now established as an important branch of the gene regulatory system. It has recently been revealed that noncoding RNAs can be categorized into different types and that they work through novel mechanisms. In addition, it has been shown that noncoding RNAs mediate(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a type of γ-herpes virus, is known to be a tumor virus. About 90% of adults were found to be persistently infected with EBV and this infection is responsible for Burkitt lymphoma (BL), extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), acquired Immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-associated lymphoma, and a portion of diffuse large(More)
Lineage specification is primarily regulated at the transcriptional level and lineage-specific transcription factors determine cell fates. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are 18-24 nucleotide-long non-coding RNAs that post-transcriptionally decrease the translation of target mRNAs and are essential for many cellular functions. miRNAs also regulate lineage specification(More)
Argonaute (Ago) proteins function in RNA silencing as components of the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC). In lower organisms, the small interfering RNA and miRNA pathways diverge due in part to sorting mechanisms that direct distinct small RNA (sRNA) duplexes onto specific Ago-RISCs. However, such sorting mechanisms appear to be lost in mammals. miRNAs(More)
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