Natsuko Suwaki

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Chromosomal double-strand breaks (DSBs) have the potential to permanently arrest cell cycle progression and endanger cell survival. They must therefore be efficiently repaired to preserve genome integrity and functionality. Homologous recombination (HR) provides an important error-free mechanism for DSB repair in mammalian cells. In addition to RAD51, the(More)
Shelterin component TRF2 prevents ATM activation, while POT1 represses ATR signalling at telomeres. Here, we investigate the mechanism of G2/M arrest triggered by telomeres uncapped through TRF2 or POT1 inhibition in human cells. We find that telomere damage-activated ATR and ATM phosphorylate p53, as well as CHK1 and CHK2, thus activating two independent(More)
Metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a molecularly heterogeneous disease that is intrinsically resistant to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Although therapies targeted to the molecules vascular endothelial growth factor and mammalian target of rapamycin have shown clinical effectiveness, their effects are variable and short-lived, underscoring the need(More)
ARF is a tumour suppressor activated by oncogenic stress, which stabilizes p53. Although p53 is a key component of the response to DNA damage, a similar function for ARF has not been ascribed. Here we show that primary mouse and human cells lacking the tumour suppressor BRCA2 accumulate DNA damage, which triggers checkpoint signalling and ARF activation.(More)
The elucidation of signalling pathways relies heavily upon the identification of protein kinase substrates. Recent investigations have demonstrated the efficacy of chemical genetics using ATP analogues and modified protein kinases for specific substrate labelling. Here we combine N(6) -(cyclohexyl)ATPγS with an analogue-sensitive cdk2 variant to(More)
Cells respond to DNA damage by either repairing the damage or committing to a death or senescence pathway, dependent on the level of damage sustained. In this study, we show that the protein levels of cyclin D1 and the CDK inhibitor, p21(CIP1), respond in a dose-dependent manner to the DNA damaging agent, 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4NQO). Cyclin D1 responses(More)
A comparative DNA scission activity study of azaferrocene, N-methyl-azaferrocene iodide and 3,3',4,4'-tetramethyl-1,1'-diphosphaferrocene (featuring iron in a +2 oxidation state), along with ferrocene (iron +2) and ferrocenium (iron +3) cation is described. Experiments indicate a high cleavage activity of azaferrocene and its N-methyl derivative in DMSO.(More)
The reaction of lithiated 2,5-dimethylazaferrocene 1 with diethyl chlorophosphate proceeds to give lateral and ring phosphonate products. The products 2 and 3 were characterized by spectroscopic (1H, 31P{1H} NMR, MS, IR) methods and 3 was treated with W(CO)5(thf) to form a crystalline W(CO)5-complex 4 which was characterized by single-crystal X-ray(More)
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