The effects of superficial temporal artery to middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) anastomosis for retinopathy is discussed and analysed in 19 cases of occlusive internal carotid artery disease (4 with stenosis and 15 with occlusion) according to Doppler sonography (DS) of the retinal artery, optic fundi and visual impairment symptoms. Preoperatively, all cases… (More)
OBJECTIVE We evaluated the effect of carotid endarterectomy on chronic ocular ischemic syndrome due to internal carotid artery stenosis by use of data obtained from ophthalmic artery color Doppler flow imaging. METHODS We examined 11 patients with ocular ischemic syndrome due to internal carotid artery stenosis (>70% stenosis) who were being treated by… (More)
It is generally accepted that the basal ganglia play an important role in interval timing that requires the measurement of temporal durations. By contrast, it remains controversial whether the basal ganglia play an essential role in temporal order judgment (TOJ) of successive stimuli, a behavior that does not necessarily require the measurement of durations… (More)
Reward-induced burst firing of dopaminergic neurons has mainly been studied in the primate midbrain. Voltammetry allows high-speed detection of dopamine release in the projection area. Although voltammetry has revealed presynaptic modulation of dopamine release in the striatum, to date, reward-induced release in awakened brains has been recorded only in… (More)
A 64-year-old woman with Parkinson is disease had a severe resting tremor that was not completely relieved by right-sided gamma knife thalamotomy (GKT). We performed bilateral staged thalamic deep brain stimulation (DBS) and compared the right and left ventral intermediate nucleus (Vim) of the thalamus including the frequency of single units recorded with… (More)
Superficial temporal to middle cerebral artery bypass was useful for ocular ischaemic syndrome caused by reversed flow in the ophthalmic artery as shown by ophthalmic-artery colour doppler flow imaging.
STUDY DESIGN Experimental training model of rats with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING Osaka, JapanObjective:To investigate the effect of forced treadmill training by plantar placement (PP), as compared with dorsal placement (DP), of the dorsal paws on the locomotor behaviors of spinal cord-injured rats. METHODS The spinal cord was contusion-injured at… (More)