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BACKGROUND Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death and disability in the US. Approximately 70-90% of the TBI cases are classified as mild, and up to 25% of them will not recover and suffer chronic neurocognitive impairments. The main pathology in these cases involves diffuse brain injuries, which are hard to detect by anatomical imaging(More)
BACKGROUND Today, obstructive hypertrophic tonsils are completely resected to remove the obstruction. Since tonsillar tissue has important protective characteristics, it is more logical to resect only the obstructive tonsillar tissue and leave remnants in the tonsillar beds, thereby presuming to preserve the immunological function of the tonsillar tissue.(More)
BACKGROUND Inferior turbinectomy on patients of all ages is a controversial procedure. Its effect on children has been reported little in the literature and the few studies that are available involved relatively older children, i.e., >10 years old. Nasal obstruction caused by extensive hypertrophy of the inferior turbinates is not an uncommon observation in(More)
In a prospective study of risk factors for lateral ankle sprain among 390 male Israeli infantry recruits, a 18% incidence of lateral ankle sprains was found in basic training. There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of lateral ankle sprains between recruits who trained in modified basketball shoes or standard lightweight infantry(More)
In a randomized prospective study among 390 recruits, the hypothesis that improved shoe shock attenuation could lessen the incidence of overuse injuries was tested. During the 14 weeks of training, 90% of the recruits sustained overuse injuries. Recruits training in a modified basketball shoe had a statistically significant lower incidence of metatarsal(More)
This retrospective study presents the findings of inner ear damage documented in 53 children exposed to impulsive sound emitted by toy weapons and firecrackers. There were 49 boys and four girls aged between four and fourteen years. Thirty-nine children were affected unilaterally while fourteen had bilateral hearing loss (total of 67 ears). Most of the(More)
A prospective study of 390 infantry recruits revealed that the medial tibial intercondylar distance and that the isometric strength of the quadriceps, tested at 85 degrees of flexion of the knee, had a statistically significant correlation with the incidence of patellofemoral pain caused by overactivity. Increased medial tibial intercondylar distance and(More)
In order to answer the question of why the stress fracture morbidity rates among Israeli infantry recruits are so high, we prospectively evaluated 392 infantry recruits for risk factors for stress fractures. Prior to training, each recruit underwent a detailed evaluation. Using multivariate analysis, five risk factors for tibial fractures were identified:(More)
The efficacy of treatment of overuse patellofemoral pain with an elastic knee sleeve with a silicone patellar ring was compared with a simple elastic sleeve and with no treatment in a prospective study of 395 army recruits. During 14 weeks of basic training, 84 knees were diagnosed as having overuse patellofemoral pain. Recruits treated with a simple(More)