Nathan P. Wiederhold

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OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to identify changes in the gene expression profile of Candida albicans associated with the acquisition of experimentally induced resistance to amphotericin B and fluconazole. METHODS C. albicans SC5314 was passed in increasing concentrations of amphotericin B to generate isolate SC5314-AR. Susceptibility testing by(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to compare the activity of linezolid and vancomycin in an in vitro pharmacodynamic model to assess potential differences in activity against biofilm-embedded organisms. METHODS Single-lumen central venous catheters colonized with biofilm-embedded Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis or vancomycin-resistant(More)
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is an inherited disorder of the NADPH oxidase characterized by recurrent life-threatening bacterial and fungal infections. We characterized the effects of single and combination antifungal therapy on survival, histopathology, and laboratory markers of fungal burden in experimental aspergillosis in the p47phox-/- knockout(More)
The impact of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on opportunistic conditions in HIV patients continues to evolve. We specifically studied the changing epidemiology of oropharyngeal candidiasis (OPC) in 215 HIV/AIDS patients. Status of yeast colonization was assessed from oral rinse samples, and preliminary yeast identification was made using CHROMagar Candida and(More)
UNLABELLED Recent estimates suggest that >300 million people are afflicted by serious fungal infections worldwide. Current antifungal drugs are static and toxic and/or have a narrow spectrum of activity. Thus, there is an urgent need for the development of new antifungal drugs. The fungal sphingolipid glucosylceramide (GlcCer) is critical in promoting(More)
Novel species of fungi described in the present study include the following from Malaysia: Castanediella eucalypti from Eucalyptus pellita, Codinaea acacia from Acacia mangium, Emarcea eucalyptigena from Eucalyptus brassiana, Myrtapenidiella eucalyptorum from Eucalyptus pellita, Pilidiella eucalyptigena from Eucalyptus brassiana and Strelitziana malaysiana(More)
Exophiala oligosperma is an uncommon pathogen associated with human infections, predominantly in immunocompromised hosts. Case reports of clinical infections related to E. oligosperma have been limited to 6 prior publications, all of which have shown limited susceptibility to conventional antifungal therapies, including amphotericin B, itraconazole, and(More)
OBJECTIVES Meningoencephalitis caused by Cryptococcus gattii is associated with significant morbidity and the need for aggressive therapy, and often necessitates neurosurgical intervention. We adapted a previously described murine model of cryptococcal meningoencephalitis due to Cryptococcus neoformans to that caused by C. gattii. METHODS Mice were(More)
OBJECTIVES Amphotericin B inhalation powder (ABIP) is a novel dry-powder amphotericin B formulation that is directly delivered to the lung, resulting in elevated lung tissue drug concentrations of this polyene. We evaluated the prophylactic efficacy of single dose administration of ABIP in a guinea pig model of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Recent open label studies have suggested that dosing amphotericin B (AMB) by continuous infusion (CI) may reduce drug-associated infusion reactions and nephrotoxicity. In vitro and in vivo pharmacodynamic (PD) data, however, do not consistently support the concept of CI dosing based on the concentration-dependent activity of this agent and in(More)