Nathan P. Gomes

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Activation of the p53 pathway mediates cellular responses to diverse forms of stress. Here we report that the p53 target gene p21(CIP1) is regulated by stress at post-initiation steps through conversion of paused RNA polymerase II (RNAP II) into an elongating form. High-resolution chromatin immunoprecipitation assays (ChIP) demonstrate that p53-dependent(More)
The p53 transcriptional program orchestrates alternative responses to stress, including cell cycle arrest and apoptosis, but the mechanism of cell fate choice upon p53 activation is not fully understood. Here we report that PUMA (p53 up-regulated modulator of apoptosis), a key mediator of p53-dependent cell death, is regulated by a noncanonical,(More)
HIV-1 Tat binds human CyclinT1 and recruits the CDK9/P-TEFb complex to the viral TAR RNA in a step that links RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) C-terminal domain (CTD) Ser 2 phosphorylation with transcription elongation. Previous studies have suggested a connection between Tat and pre-mRNA splicing factors. Here we show that the splicing-associated(More)
Protein synthesis is essential for growth, proliferation and survival of cells. Translation factors are overexpressed in many cancers and in preclinical models, their experimental inhibition has been shown to inhibit cancer growth. Differential regulation of translation also occurs upon exposure to cancer-relevant stressors such as hypoxia and ionizing(More)
The p53 transcription factor regulates the expression of genes involved in cellular responses to stress, including cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. The p53 transcriptional program is extremely malleable, with target gene expression varying in a stress- and cell type-specific fashion. The molecular mechanisms underlying differential p53 target gene(More)
Ascending thoracic aortic aneurysms leading to type A dissections can be inherited in an autosomal dominant manner with variable age of onset and decreased penetrance, primarily in women. Three families are described with autosomal dominant inheritance of either ascending aortic aneurysms leading to type A dissections or type B dissections, and a young age(More)
p53 is a pleiotropic transcription factor driving a flexible transcriptional program that mediates disparate cellular responses to stress, including cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. The mechanisms by which p53 differentially regulates its diverse target genes remain poorly understood. In this issue of Genes & Development, Morachis and colleagues (pp.(More)
In this review, we will summarize the data from different model systems that illustrate the need for proteome-wide analyses of the biological consequences of ionizing radiation (IR). IR remains one of three main therapy choices for oncology, the others being surgery and chemotherapy. Understanding how cells and tissues respond to IR is essential for(More)
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