Nathan P Croft

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gamma 1-Herpesviruses such as Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) have a unique ability to amplify virus loads in vivo through latent growth-transforming infection. Whether they, like alpha- and beta-herpesviruses, have been driven to actively evade immune detection of replicative (lytic) infection remains a moot point. We were prompted to readdress this question by(More)
The gamma-herpesvirus Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) persists for life in infected individuals despite the presence of a strong immune response. During the lytic cycle of EBV many viral proteins are expressed, potentially allowing virally infected cells to be recognized and eliminated by CD8+ T cells. We have recently identified an immune evasion protein encoded(More)
We describe a cell-free approach that employs selected reaction monitoring (SRM) in tandem mass spectrometry to identify and quantitate T-cell epitopes. This approach utilises multiple epitope-specific SRM transitions to identify known T-cell epitopes and an absolute quantitation (AQUA) peptide strategy to afford AQUA. The advantage of a mass(More)
The early lytic cycle protein of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), BNLF2a, has recently been shown to play a critical role in immune evasion by inhibiting the peptide transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP), thereby blocking antigen-specific CD8(+) T-cell recognition of many lytic cycle antigens. Surprisingly, we now show that a peptide(More)
Current knowledge about the dynamics of antigen presentation to T cells during viral infection is very poor despite being of fundamental importance to our understanding of anti-viral immunity. Here we use an advanced mass spectrometry method to simultaneously quantify the presentation of eight vaccinia virus peptide-MHC complexes (epitopes) on infected(More)
EBV persists for life in the human host while facing vigorous antiviral responses that are induced upon primary infection. This persistence supports the idea that herpesviruses have acquired dedicated functions to avoid immune elimination. The recently identified EBV gene product BNLF2a blocks TAP. As a result, reduced amounts of peptides are transported by(More)
Type 1 diabetes is characterized by the autoimmune destruction of pancreatic β-cells. Recognition of major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-bound peptides is critical for both the initiation and progression of disease. In this study, MHC peptide complexes were purified from NIT-1 β-cells, interferon-γ (IFN-γ)-treated NIT-1 cells, splenic and thymic tissue(More)
We applied pulse-shape analysis (PulSA) to monitor protein localization changes in mammalian cells by flow cytometry. PulSA enabled high-throughput tracking of protein aggregation, translocation from the cytoplasm to the nucleus and trafficking from the plasma membrane to the Golgi as well as stress-granule formation. Combining PulSA with(More)
Peptide vaccines represent a potential strategy for the prevention and treatment of pathogenic diseases, cancers and autoimmune disorders; their low cost, ease of synthesis and inherent safety are all attractive features. However, they have remained largely unsuccessful owing to low immunogenicity, predominantly stemming from reduced bioavailability due to(More)