Nathan M Bolton

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Acute stress suppresses pain by activating brain pathways that engage opioid or non-opioid mechanisms. Here we show that an opioid-independent form of this phenomenon, termed stress-induced analgesia, is mediated by the release of endogenous marijuana-like (cannabinoid) compounds in the brain. Blockade of cannabinoid CB(1) receptors in the periaqueductal(More)
Recent work in our laboratories has demonstrated that an opioid-independent form of stress-induced analgesia (SIA) is mediated by endogenous ligands for cannabinoid receptors-anandamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) [A.G. Hohmann, R.L. Suplita, N.M. Bolton, M.H. Neely, D. Fegley, R. Mangieri, J.F. Krey, J.M. Walker, P.V. Holmes, J.D. Crystal, A.(More)
PURPOSE The cup-to-disc ratio is a widely used clinical measure of optic nerve damage in the management of glaucoma patients and those suspected of having glaucoma. Knowledge of the optic disc size allows for a better assessment of the clinical significance of the cup-to-disc ratio. In this study, two optical methods-slit-lamp biomicroscopy and confocal(More)
PURPOSE To measure peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer volume in normal subjects and patients with ocular hypertension, primary open-angle glaucoma, and low-tension glaucoma. METHODS Sixty-five subjects were classified into four groups of normal subjects and subjects with ocular hypertension, primary open-angle glaucoma, and low-tension glaucoma on(More)
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