Nathan L Bandow

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Methanobactin (mb) is a low molecular mass copper-binding molecule analogous to iron-binding siderophores. The molecule is produced by many methanotrophic or methane oxidizing bacteria (MOB), but has only been characterized to date in one MOB, Methylosinus trichosporium OB3b. To explore the potential molecular diversity in this novel class of metal binding(More)
Biological oxidation of methane to methanol by aerobic bacteria is catalysed by two different enzymes, the cytoplasmic or soluble methane monooxygenase (sMMO) and the membrane-bound or particulate methane monooxygenase (pMMO). Expression of MMOs is controlled by a 'copper-switch', i.e. sMMO is only expressed at very low copper : biomass ratios, while pMMO(More)
The particulate methane monooxygenase (pMMO) in Methylocystis strain SB2 was found to be constitutively expressed in the absence of methane when the strain was grown on either acetate or ethanol. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and reverse transcription-PCR showed that the expression of pmoA decreased by one to two orders of magnitude(More)
Methanobactins (mb) are low-molecular mass, copper-binding molecules secreted by most methanotrophic bacteria. These molecules have been identified for a number of methanotrophs, but only the one produced by Methylosinus trichosporium OB3b (mb-OB3b) has to date been chemically characterized. Here we report the chemical characterization and copper binding(More)
Wilson disease (WD) is a rare hereditary condition that is caused by a genetic defect in the copper-transporting ATPase ATP7B that results in hepatic copper accumulation and lethal liver failure. The present study focuses on the structural mitochondrial alterations that precede clinical symptoms in the livers of rats lacking Atp7b, an animal model for WD.(More)
Chalkophores are low molecular mass modified peptides involved in copper acquisition in methane-oxidizing bacteria (MOB). A screening method for the detection of this copper-binding molecule is presented in Chapter 16. Here we describe methods to (1) maximize expression and secretion of chalkophores, (2) concentrate chalkophores from the spent media of MOB,(More)
Methanotrophs have multiple methane monooxygenases that are well known to be regulated by copper, i.e., a "copper switch." At low copper/biomass ratios the soluble methane monooxygenase (sMMO) is expressed while expression and activity of the particulate methane monooxygenase (pMMO) increases with increasing availability of copper. In many methanotrophs(More)
In Wilson disease (WD), functional loss of ATPase copper-transporting β (ATP7B) impairs biliary copper excretion, leading to excessive copper accumulation in the liver and fulminant hepatitis. Current US Food and Drug Administration- and European Medicines Agency-approved pharmacological treatments usually fail to restore copper homeostasis in patients with(More)
Copper is an essential redox-active metal ion which in excess becomes toxic due to the formation of reactive oxygen species. In Wilson disease the elevated copper level in liver leads to chronic oxidative stress and subsequent hepatitis. This study was designed to evaluate the copper chelating efficiency of the bacterial methanobactin (MB) in a rat model(More)
Methanobactin (mb) is the first characterized example of a chalkophore, a class of copper-binding chromopeptides similar to iron-binding siderophores. Structural, redox, themodynamic, and spectral studies on chalkophores have focused almost exclusively on the mb from Methylosinus trichosporium OB3b (mb-OB3b). The structural characterization of a second mb(More)