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OBJECTIVE The reasons why adenotonsillectomy (AT) is less effective treating obese children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) are not understood. Thus, the aim of the study was to evaluate how anatomical factors contributing to airway obstruction are affected by AT in these children. METHODS Twenty-seven obese children with OSAS (age 13.0 ± 2.3(More)
BACKGROUND Laryngomalacia is the most common congenital laryngeal anomaly and is associated with several disorders including gastric reflux, sleep apnea, hypotonia and failure to thrive. Pectus excavatum (PE) is the most common chest wall deformity affecting 1-300/1000 individuals. Though many authors presume a relationship between PE and laryngomalacia,(More)
Wnt signaling regulates cell fate determination, proliferation, and survival, among other processes. Certain Wnt ligands stabilize the beta-catenin protein, leading to the ability of beta-catenin to activate T cell factor-regulated genes. In the absence of Wnts, beta-catenin is phosphorylated at defined serine and threonine residues in its amino (N)(More)
BACKGROUND Pertussis is a highly communicable, vaccine-preventable respiratory disease. Although the largest number of reported cases is among young infants, the most rapidly increasing incidence in the USA is in adolescents and young adults. Importantly, adult family members are the likely major reservoir, infecting susceptible infants before completion of(More)
PURPOSE Congenital nasal pyriform aperture stenosis (CNPAS) is a rare cause of respiratory distress in neonates that may necessitate early surgical intervention. Restenosis and granulation are postoperative concerns that may prompt a return to the operating room. Reoperation places children at increased risk of perioperative complications and prolonged(More)
OBJECTIVE Pediatric congenital vallecular cysts are an infrequent cause of infantile airway obstruction that can cause difficulty breathing or feeding, and lead to failure to thrive or death. There have been many different techniques proposed for effective treatment. We present three cases of congenital vallecular cyst, all excised utilizing a bipolar(More)
OBJECTIVES Laryngoceles are pathologic air filled dilations of the laryngeal ventricle. They are most often benign and incidental findings. Resection may be necessary in the setting of infection, airway obstruction, dysphagia, and phonatory disturbances. External laryngoceles are almost universally treated with open resection via a lateral or midline(More)
Subglottic granular cell tumors (GCT) are rare, potentially life threatening benign tumors. Complete resection is necessary, yet care must be taken to preserve laryngeal function. We present the first description of a pediatric subglottic GCT with extensive invasion beyond the confines of the subglottis to include the vocal folds and central neck. Urgent(More)
Concern for illicit and restricted drug use in otolaryngology is similar to other surgical specialties with a few notable exceptions. Many illicit drugs are consumed transnasally. Repeated nasal exposure to stimulants or narcotics can cause local tissue destruction that can present as chronic rhinosinusitis or nasoseptal perforation. Further, the Food and(More)
OBJECTIVE American Society of Anesthesiology guidelines recommend preoperative fasts of 6 hours after light snacks and 8 hours after large meals. These guidelines were designed for healthy patients undergoing elective procedures but are often applied to intubated intensive care unit (ICU) patients. ICU patients undergoing routine procedures may be subjected(More)