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Making Programming Masculine
In the April 1967 issue of Cosmopolitan magazine, sandwiched between “ The Bachelor Girls of Japan ” and “ A Dog Speaks: Why a Girl Should Own a Pooch, ” there appeared a curious little essay
The Computer Boys Take Over: Computers, Programmers, and the Politics of Technical Expertise
Of all of the revolutionary technological innovations of the 20th century, none is as widely recognized, as celebrated, or as profoundly influential as the invention of the electronic digital
“Beards, Sandals, and Other Signs of Rugged Individualism”: Masculine Culture within the Computing Professions
The history of masculine culture and practices in computer programming is explored, with a particular focus on the role of university computer centers as key sites of cultural formation and dissemination.
Is chess the drosophila of artificial intelligence? A social history of an algorithm
  • Nathan Ensmenger
  • Computer Science, Medicine
    Social studies of science
  • 1 February 2012
This paper explores the emergence of chess as an experimental technology, its significance in the developing research practices of the AI community, and the unique ways in which the decision to focus on chess shaped the program of AI research in the decade of the 1970s.
Forming Bioethics
Bioethics has become a prominent part of the American landscape. In only a few short decades this interdisciplinary field permeated academia and the public sphere. Despite the recent scholarly effort
The Multiple Meanings of a Flowchart
Drawing on the sociological concept of the boundary object, this article explores the material culture of software development with a particular focus on the ways in which flowcharts served as political artifacts within the emerging communities of practices of computer programming.
Letting the “Computer Boys” Take Over: Technology and the Politics of Organizational Transformation
In the decades following the development of the first electronic digital computers, the computer industry in the United States grew from nothing into an important and expansive sector of the American
The Multiple Meanings of a Flowchart
From the very earliest days of electronic computing, flowcharts have been used to represent the conceptual structure of complex software systems. In much of the literature on software development,
Computing and the Environment: Introducing a Special Issue of Information & Culture
Abstract:In much of the literature on the information society, its defining characteristic is assumed to be its immateriality. That is to say, as our interactions and activities become less dependent