Nathan E. Hellman

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Cerebello-oculo-renal syndrome (CORS), also called Joubert syndrome type B, and Meckel (MKS) syndrome belong to the group of developmental autosomal recessive disorders that are associated with primary cilium dysfunction. Using SNP mapping, we identified missense and truncating mutations in RPGRIP1L (KIAA1005) in both CORS and MKS, and we show that(More)
Ceruloplasmin is a serum ferroxidase that contains greater than 95% of the copper found in plasma. This protein is a member of the multicopper oxidase family, an evolutionarily conserved group of proteins that utilize copper to couple substrate oxidation with the four-electron reduction of oxygen to water. Despite the need for copper in ceruloplasmin(More)
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is caused when defects of motile cilia lead to chronic airway infections, male infertility, and situs abnormalities. Multiple causative PCD mutations account for only 65% of cases, suggesting that many genes essential for cilia function remain to be discovered. By using zebrafish morpholino knockdown of PCD candidate genes(More)
Nephronophthisis (NPH) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by renal fibrosis, tubular basement membrane disruption and corticomedullary cyst formation leading to end-stage renal failure. The disease is caused by mutations in NPHP1-9 genes, which encode the nephrocystins, proteins localized to cell-cell junctions and centrosome/primary cilia.(More)
Recently, a dinucleotide repeat polymorphism was identified in the promoter of the nonamyloid component of plaques (NACP) gene, and it was shown that the NACP allele 2 was significantly associated with healthy elderly control individuals with at least one apolipoprotein E epsilon4 allele, suggesting a protective role for this allele in Alzheimer's disease.(More)
Cilia are essential for normal organ function and developmental patterning, but their role in injury and regeneration responses is unknown. To probe the role of cilia in injury, we analyzed the function of foxj1, a transcriptional regulator of cilia genes, in response to tissue damage and renal cyst formation. Zebrafish foxj1a, but not foxj1b, was rapidly(More)
Aceruloplasminemia is an inherited neurodegenerative disease characterized by parenchymal iron accumulation secondary to loss-of-function mutations in the ceruloplasmin gene. To elucidate the molecular pathogenesis of aceruloplasminemia, the biosynthesis of a missense mutant ceruloplasmin (P177R) occurring in an affected patient was examined. Chinese(More)
Ceruloplasmin is a multicopper oxidase essential for normal iron homeostasis. To elucidate the mechanisms of copper incorporation into this protein, holoceruloplasmin biosynthesis was examined by immunoblot analysis and (64)Cu metabolic labeling of Chinese hamster ovary cells transfected with cDNAs encoding wild-type or mutant ceruloplasmin. This analysis(More)
A classic in vitro model of branching morphogenesis utilizes the Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cell line. MDCK Strain II cells form hollow monoclonal cysts in a three-dimensional collagen matrix over the course of 10 days and tubulate in response to hepatocyte growth factor (HGF). We and our colleagues previously showed that activation of the(More)
Organ development leads to the emergence of organ function, which in turn can impact developmental processes. Here we show that fluid flow-induced collective epithelial migration during kidney nephron morphogenesis induces cell stretch that in turn signals epithelial proliferation. Increased cell proliferation was dependent on PI3K signaling. Inhibiting(More)