Nathan D. Mathewson

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MicroRNAs (miRs) have emerged as critical modulators of immune responses, but little is known about their transcriptional regulation and tissue specificity. miR-142 is specifically expressed in hematopoietic tissues and plays an important role in regulating immunity. In this study we identified the key transcriptional elements for regulation of miR-142 and(More)
Posttranslational protein modifications (PTMs) are necessary for cells to function properly. The role of PTMs in regulating immune responses, specifically those mediated by dendritic cells (DCs), which are critical for both innate and adaptive immunity, is not well understood. Utilizing multiple but complementary approaches, we determined the role of an(More)
Donor T cells that respond to host alloantigens following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) induce graft-versus-host (GVH) responses, but their molecular landscape is not well understood. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate gene (mRNA) expression and fine-tune the molecular responses of T cells. We stimulated naive T cells with either allogeneic or(More)
The effect of alterations in intestinal microbiota on microbial metabolites and on disease processes such as graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is not known. Here we carried out an unbiased analysis to identify previously unidentified alterations in gastrointestinal microbiota-derived short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) after allogeneic bone marrow transplant(More)
T cell proliferation is critical for immune responses; however, the molecular mechanisms that mediate the proliferative response are poorly understood. MicroRNAs (miRs) regulate various molecular processes, including development and function of the immune system. Here, utilizing multiple complementary genetic and molecular approaches, we investigated the(More)
The link between microbial flora and the shaping of immune responses is being increasingly appreciated, and recent data have uncovered a role for recipient microbiota in the severity of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). The impact of donor microbiota on T cell-mediated alloresponses and GVHD is not known, however. Using multiple clinically relevant murine(More)
Activation of sialic-acid-binding immunoglobulin-like lectin-G (Siglec-G) by noninfectious damage-associated molecular patterns controls innate immune responses. However, whether it also regulates T-cell-mediated adaptive immune responses is not known. Graft-versus-host reaction is a robust adaptive immune response caused by allogeneic hematopoietic cell(More)
The graft-versus-tumor (GVT) effect after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) represents an effective form of immunotherapy against many malignancies. Meaningful separation of the potentially curative GVT responses from graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), the most serious toxicity following T-cell replete allo-HCT, has been an elusive(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are the most potent antigen presenting cells. DCs play a pivotal role in determining the character and magnitude of immune responses to tumors. Host and donor hematopoietic-derived DCs play a critical role in the development of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) following allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. GVHD is tightly(More)
Allogeneic hematopoietic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is an established and curative treatment for many aggressive hematological malignancies. However, the success of allogeneic BMT is limited by graft versus host disease (GVHD) due to the attack of recipient organs. There is growing evidence that the commensal microbiota is dysregulated following(More)