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One of the three most frequently documented copy number variations associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a 1q21.1 duplication that encompasses sequences encoding DUF1220 protein domains, the dosage of which we previously implicated in increased human brain size. Further, individuals with ASD frequently display accelerated brain growth and a(More)
DUF1220 protein domains exhibit the greatest human lineage-specific copy number expansion of any protein-coding sequence in the genome, and variation in DUF1220 copy number has been linked to both brain size in humans and brain evolution among primates. Given these findings, we examined associations between DUF1220 subtypes CON1 and CON2 and cognitive(More)
Canine osteosarcoma is clinically nearly identical to the human disease, but is common and highly heritable, making genetic dissection feasible. Through genome-wide association analyses in three breeds (greyhounds, Rottweilers, and Irish wolfhounds), we identify 33 inherited risk loci explaining 55% to 85% of phenotype variance in each breed. The greyhound(More)
Genomic imprinting is an epigenetic phenomenon resulting in parent-of-origin specific monoallelic gene expression. It is postulated to have evolved in placental mammals to modulate intrauterine resource allocation to the offspring. In this study, we determined the imprint status of metatherian orthologues of eutherian imprinted genes. L3MBTL and HTR2A were(More)
It has been well documented that genetic factors can influence predisposition to develop alcoholism. While the underlying genomic changes may be of several types, two of the most common and disease associated are copy number variations (CNVs) and sequence alterations of protein coding regions. The goal of this study was to identify CNVs and(More)
The p21-activated kinases (PAKs) play essential roles in diverse cellular processes and are required for cell proliferation, apoptosis, polarity establishment, migration, and cell shape changes. Here, we have identified a novel function for the group I PAKs in cell-cell fusion. We show that the two Drosophila group I PAKs, DPak3 and DPak1, have partially(More)
A delayed gamma distribution satisfactorily described the distribution of times to hatching of Ostertagia circumcincta eggs incubated in 0.1% saline at temperatures between 6 and 20 degrees C. Below 6 degree C hatching of eggs was extremely variable. The relationship between rates of development and temperature within the range 10 to 20 degrees C was more(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the risk of pneumothorax during CT-guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of lung nodules with single needle and coaxial needle techniques and to assess the effect on diagnostic accuracy of immediate cytological examination of lung FNA samples. MATERIALS AND METHODS This prospective study analysed 53 patients undergoing transthoracic FNA(More)
Human myometrium was obtained at the time of cesarean delivery by means of excisional biopsy from the upper margin of the uterine incision through the lower uterine segment. Isolated smooth muscle cells were obtained by collagenase treatment. With the whole-cell patch clamp technique, voltage-clamp and current-clamp experiments were performed. Regenerative(More)
Sequences encoding DUF1220 protein domains show the most extreme human lineage-specific copy number increase of any coding region in the genome and have been linked to human brain evolution. In addition, DUF1220 copy number (dosage) has been implicated in influencing brain size within the human species, both in normal populations and in individuals(More)