Nathan A. Lack

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In Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the genes hsaD (2-hydroxy-6-oxo-6-phenylhexa-2,4-dienoic acid hydrolase) and nat (arylamine N-acetyltransferase) are essential for survival inside of host macrophages. These genes act as an operon and have been suggested to be involved in cholesterol metabolism. However, the role of NAT in this catabolic pathway has not been(More)
In the recently identified cholesterol catabolic pathway of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, 2-hydroxy-6-oxo-6-phenylhexa-2,4-dienoate hydrolase (HsaD) is proposed to catalyze the hydrolysis of a carbon-carbon bond in 4,5-9,10-diseco-3-hydroxy-5,9,17-tri-oxoandrosta-1(10),2-diene-4-oic acid (DSHA), the cholesterol meta-cleavage product (MCP) and has been(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the leading cause of infectious disease in humans in the world. It evades the host immune system by being phagocytosed by macrophages and residing intracellularly. Complement-dependent opsonisation of extracellular mycobacteria may assist them to enter macrophages. This work examines in detail the mechanisms of complement(More)
The xenobiotic metabolizing enzyme, mouse arylamine N-acetyltransferase type 2 (Nat2), is expressed during embryogenesis from the blastocyst stage and in the developing neural tube and eye. Mouse Nat2 is widely believed to have an endogenous role distinct from xenobiotic metabolism, and polymorphisms in the human ortholog have been implicated in(More)
The human androgen receptor (AR) is a proven therapeutic target in prostate cancer. All current antiandrogens, such as Bicalutamide, Flutamide, Nilutamide, and Enzalutamide, target the buried hydrophobic androgen binding pocket of this protein. However, effective resistance mechanisms against these therapeutics exist such as mutations occurring at the(More)
Inositol monophosphatase (IMPase) catalyses the hydrolysis of inositol monophosphate to inositol and is crucial in the phosphatidylinositol (PI) signalling pathway. Lithium, which is the drug of choice for bipolar disorder, inhibits IMPase at therapeutically relevant plasma concentrations. Both mouse IMPase 1 (MmIMPase 1) and human IMPase 1 (HsIMPase 1)(More)
Synchronous multifocal tumours are commonly observed in urothelial carcinomas of the bladder. The origin of these physically independent tumours has been proposed to occur by either intraluminal migration (clonal) or spontaneous transformation of multiple cells by carcinogens (field effect). It is unclear which model is correct, with several studies(More)
BACKGROUND Cruciferous vegetables protect against prostate cancer. Indole-3-carbinol (I3C) and its major metabolite 3,3'-diindolylmethane (DIM), exhibit antitumor activities in vitro and in vivo. Several synthetic ring-substituted dihaloDIMs (ring-DIMs) appear to have increased anticancer activity. METHODS Inhibition of LNCaP prostate cancer cell growth(More)
The androgen receptor (AR) is the best studied drug target for the treatment of prostate cancer. While there are a number of drugs that target the AR, they all work through the same mechanism of action and are prone to the development of drug resistance. There is a large unmet need for novel AR inhibitors which work through alternative mechanism(s). Recent(More)
The effective treatment of castrate-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) has proven to be very challenging. Until recently, docetaxel was the only therapeutic demonstrated to extend overall patient survival. Yet recently, a considerable number of new therapeutics have been approved to treat CRPC patients. These remarkable advances now give new tools for the(More)