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Glutamate transporters are operative at an early developmental stage well before synapse formation, but their functional significance has not been determined. We now report that blockade of glutamate transporters in the immature neocortex generates recurrent NMDA receptor-mediated currents associated with synchronous oscillations of [Ca2+]i in the entire(More)
OBJECTIVE A large spectrum of surgical techniques can be proposed to young patients presenting with hypothalamic hamartomas (HH) associated with severe epilepsy. The aim of this report is to point on some clinical and anatomical parameters supposed to influence the choice of the surgical approach and to emphasize the specific role of radiosurgery. (More)
Numerous neurosurgical approaches are available for children presenting with hypothalamic hamartomas (HHs) associated with severe epilepsy. A concern regarding the impairment of short-term memory after resective surgery is promoting the exploration of less invasive alternatives like radiosurgery. Gamma knife radiosurgery (GKS) can lead to a real reversal of(More)
PURPOSE Benign myoclonic epilepsy in infants (BMEI) is a rare epileptic syndrome characterized only by generalized myoclonic seizures (MSs) in normal children during the first 2 years. Our aim was to assess the electroclinical features and the follow-up of this syndrome. METHODS BMEI was confirmed by electroencephalogram (EEG) in four neuropediatric units(More)
N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors mediate excitatory neurotransmission in the mammalian brain. Two glycine-binding NR1 subunits and two glutamate-binding NR2 subunits each form highly Ca²(+)-permeable cation channels which are blocked by extracellular Mg²(+) in a voltage-dependent manner. Either GRIN2B or GRIN2A, encoding the NMDA receptor subunits NR2B(More)
We investigated the effects of repeated early-life seizures induced by flurothyl inhalation on intrinsic membrane properties of hippocampal pyramidal neurons from young rats (postnatal day 15-20). Intracellular recordings of CA1 and CA3 pyramidal neurons from flurothyl-treated and control rats revealed no significant differences in resting membrane(More)
Although LVT is currently extensively prescribed in childhood epilepsy, its effect on the panel of refractory epilepsy syndromes has not been entirely evaluated prospectively. In order to study the efficacy and safety of LVT as adjunctive therapy according to syndromes, we included 102 patients with refractory seizures (6 months to 15 years) in a(More)
PURPOSE STXBP1 (MUNC18-1) mutations have been associated with various types of epilepsies, mostly beginning early in life. To refine the phenotype associated with STXBP1 aberrations in early onset epileptic syndromes, we studied this gene in a cohort of patients with early onset epileptic encephalopathy. METHODS STXBP1 was screened in a multicenter cohort(More)
Children with epilepsy are at risk of developing learning disorders. To explore the influence of the epileptic syndrome on reading abilities, we have compared the neuropsychological profile of 12 children with benign idiopathic epilepsy with rolandic spikes, 10 with temporal lobe epilepsy and 12 with idiopathic generalized epilepsy. Children underwent a(More)
Hot water epilepsy is a reflex epilepsy. Seizures are provoked by hot water, and result from the association of both cutaneous and heat stimuli. Described mainly in India and Japan, the condition seems to be rare in Europe, where it occurs in young children. We report five infants aged from 6 months to 2 years. They had brief seizures during bathing with(More)