Nathalie Turque

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Thyroid hormones (TH) are essential for brain development. However, information on if and how this key endocrine factor affects adult neurogenesis is fragmentary. We thus investigated the effects of TH on proliferation and apoptosis of stem cells in the subventricular zone (SVZ), as well as on migration of transgene-tagged neuroblasts out of the stem cell(More)
There is a pressing need for high throughput methods to assess potential effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs). released into the environment. Currently our ability to identify effects in vitro exceeds that for in vivo monitoring. However, only in vivo analysis provides the full spectrum of physiological impacts exerted by a given chemical. With(More)
During investigations on the regulation of the Pax-6 gene, we characterized a cDNA from quail neuroretina showing a 5' untranslated region distinct from that previously described and initiated from an internal promoter. Using RNase protection and primer extension mapping, we localized this second quail Pax-6 promoter, termed P1. As reported for the already(More)
Progesterone (PROG) promotes the myelination of sciatic nerves during regeneration after cryolesion. But, little is known about the molecular mechanisms by which the hormone exerts its effects. This could be initiated by the regulation of transcription factor expression in Schwann cells, which produce the myelin sheaths in the peripheral nervous system. We(More)
To understand the regulation of the Pax-6 gene, which plays an important role in eye development, we have characterized the promoter region of the quail Pax-6(Pax-QNR) gene. In addition to TATA and CAAT boxes, sequence analysis revealed several putative cis-regulatory elements among which three myb-responsive elements (MRE). C-myb encodes a nuclear,(More)
By in situ hybridization of quail neuroretinas, we observed that Engrailed (En-1) is expressed both in the ganglionic and the amacrine cell layers, similarly to Pax-6. Because we observed a decrease of Pax-6 expression in the neuroretina of hatched animals, we studied the effect of the chicken En-1 and En-2 proteins on Pax-6 expression. En-1 and to some(More)
In this study, we have monitored the spatial distribution of S-phase cells during successive stages of normal feather morphogenesis using the specific marker BrdU. We also disturbed the development program by administration of hydrocortisone on the chorioallantoic membrane of 6.5-day chick embryos and examined the resulting pattern of BrdU incorporation.(More)
Increasing numbers of substances present in the environment are postulated to have endocrine-disrupting effects on vertebrate populations. However, data on disruption of thyroid signaling are fragmentary, particularly at the molecular level. Thyroid hormone (TH; triiodothyronine, T3) acts principally by modulating transcription from target genes; thus,(More)
The microphthalmia gene (mi) appears to be required for pigment cell development, based on its mutation in mi mice. The mi gene encodes a basic helix-loop-helix leucine zipper transcription factor (Mi) with tissue-restricted expression. To investigate the role of mi in cell proliferation and pigmentation, we transfected neuroretina (NR) cells with a(More)
While numerous detection methods exist for environmental heavy metal monitoring, easy-to-use technologies combining rapidity with in vivo measurements are lacking. Multiwell systems exploiting transgenic tadpoles are ideal but require time-consuming placement of individuals in wells. We developed a real-time flow-through system, based on Fountain Flow(More)