This paper describes the Ka-band altimetry payload and system that has been studied for several years by CNES, ALCATEL SPACE and some science laboratories. Altimetry is one of the major elements of the ocean observing system to be made sustainable through the GEOSS (Global Earth Observation System of Systems) and GMES (Global Monitoring of the Environment… (More)
—The AltiKa project developed by the French Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales is based on a wide-band Ka-band altimeter (35.75 GHz). The technical characteristic of the instrument will offer higher performance both in terms of spatial and vertical resolution that will lead to improved observation of ice, coastal areas, inland waters and wave height. An… (More)
—The main instrument of the French-Indian Al-tika/SARAL mission scheduled for launch in 2010, is the Ka-band Altika altimeter. The high attenuation due to atmospheric water (liquid or vapor) at this frequency band is the major drawback of the use of Ka-band. In part I of this paper, the impact of rain/clouds on Ka-band data and on the accuracy of the… (More)
Porous inorganic solids can be synthesized in complex forms, and here we describe a simple method to create an ultralight, macroporous, crystalline vanadium oxide foam by bubbling oxygen gas produced in situ through a viscous vanadium oxide gel. This foaming process could be extended to other metal oxides.