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The PMM2 gene, which is defective in CDG-Ia, was cloned three years ago [Matthijs et al., 1997b]. Several publications list PMM2 mutations [Matthijs et al., 1997b, 1998; Kjaergaard et al., 1998, 1999; Bjursell et al., 1998, 2000; Imtiaz et al., 2000] and a few mutations have appeared in case reports or abstracts [Crosby et al., 1999; Kondo et al., 1999;(More)
We measured in rats the effects of 48 h of mechanical ventilation on the weight, contractile properties, and enzymatic profile of the diaphragm, the soleus and the extensor digitorium longus (EDL) muscles. Eighteen animals were randomly divided into a mechanically ventilated (MV, n = 9) group or a control (C, n = 9) group. During the 48 h of mechanical(More)
Hydrops fetalis (HF) is characterized by an accumulation of fluid in the extracellular compartments and in body cavities. Non-immune HF (NIHF) is caused by a wide variety of disorders and overall, 20-25% of NIHF remain unexplained. Inborn errors of metabolism, mostly lysosomal storage diseases have been estimated to account for 1-2% of cases, leading to HF(More)
Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) is a fast growing group of autosomal recessive inherited diseases caused by defects in glycosylation. The biosynthesis of the glycans is a pathways which occurs in the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi complex thanks to highly specific enzymes: glycosidases and glycosyltransferases. The sequential addition of(More)
INTRODUCTION Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG), or carbohydrate deficient glycoprotein syndromes, form a new group of multisystem disorders characterised by defective glycoprotein biosynthesis, ascribed to various biochemical mechanisms. METHODS We report the clinical, biological, and molecular analysis of 26 CDG I patients, including 20 CDG Ia,(More)
Cobblestone lissencephaly is a peculiar brain malformation with characteristic radiological anomalies. It is defined as cortical dysplasia that results when neuroglial overmigration into the arachnoid space forms an extracortical layer that produces agyria and/or a "cobblestone" brain surface and ventricular enlargement. Cobblestone lissencephaly is(More)
OBJECTIVE Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG), formerly called carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein syndromes, constitute a newly identified group of multisystem disorders characterized by defective glycosylation of N-glycosylated proteins. The objective of this work was to describe precisely neurological findings in patients with type Ia CDG(More)
Phosphomannose isomerase (PMI) deficiency or congenital disorders of glycosylation type Ib (CDG Ib) is the only CDG that can be treated. Despite variable severity leading to dramatically different prognoses, clinical presentation is relatively homogeneous with liver and digestive features associated with hyperinsulinism and inconstant thrombosis. A feature(More)
The congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) constitute a new group of recessively inherited metabolic disorders that are characterized biochemically by defective glycosylation of proteins. Several types have been identified. CDG-Ia, the most frequent type, is a multisystemic disorder affecting the nervous system and numerous organs including liver,(More)
Type II lissencephaly (type II LIS) is a group of autosomal recessive congenital muscular dystrophies (CMD) associated with defects in alpha-DG O-glycosylation, which comprises Walker-Warburg syndrome, Fukuyama cerebral and muscular dystrophy, or muscle-eye-brain disease. The most severe forms of these diseases often have a fetal presentation and lead to a(More)