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In Gram-negative bacteria and eukaryotic organelles, beta-barrel proteins of the outer membrane protein 85-two-partner secretion B (Omp85-TpsB) superfamily are essential components of protein transport machineries. The TpsB transporter FhaC mediates the secretion of Bordetella pertussis filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA). We report the 3.15 A crystal structure(More)
The effects on the channel characteristics of four single amino acid substitutions in OmpF porin and of a deletion mutant in the constriction loop L3 have been studied. These mutations are all located in the narrow section of the channel of the protein that forms pores across the outer membrane of Escherichia coli. The single channel conductance of the(More)
The porins PhoE and OmpF form anion and cation-selective pores, respectively, in the outer membrane of Escherichia coli. Each monomer of these trimeric proteins consists of a 16-stranded beta-barrel, which contains a constriction at half the height of the channel. The functional significance of a transverse electrical field that is formed by charged amino(More)
The sole histidine residue in OmpF porin was replaced by threonine using site-directed mutagenesis. This exchange affected neither channel properties nor channel structure, as determined by X-ray analysis to 3.2 A. Conductance and critical voltage (Vc) were observed in the pH range 4.3-9.4, with results indistinguishable from those observed in the wild-type(More)
Proteins of the TpsB/Omp85 superfamily are involved in protein transport across, or assembly into, the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria, and their distant eukaryotic relatives exert similar functions in chloroplasts and mitochondria. The X-ray structure of one TpsB transporter, FhaC, provides the bases to decipher the mechanisms of action of these(More)
Mechanosensitive (MS) ion channels have been documented in a variety of cells belonging to Eukarya and Eubacteria. We report the novel finding of two types of MS ion channels in the cell membrane of the halophilic archaeon Haloferax volcanii, a member of the Archaea that comprise the third phylogenetic domain. The two channels, MscA1 and MscA2, differed in(More)
The lining of the maltodextrin-specific maltoporin (LamB) channel exhibits a string of aromatic residues, the greasy slide, part of which has been shown previously by crystallography to be involved in substrate binding. To probe the functional role of the greasy slide, alanine scanning mutagenesis has been performed on the six greasy slide residues and Y118(More)
In Gram-negative bacteria, the two-partner secretion pathway mediates the secretion of TpsA proteins with various functions. TpsB transporters specifically recognize their TpsA partners in the periplasm and mediate their transport through a hydrophilic channel. The filamentous haemagglutinin adhesin (FHA)/FhaC pair represents a model two-partner secretion(More)
Each monomer of the trimeric outer membrane porin PhoE of Escherichia coli consists of a 16-stranded beta-barrel with short turns at the periplasmic side and large loops at the cell surface. One of these loops, L3, is folded inside the beta-barrel and forms a constriction within the channel. Therefore, it is assumed to play an important role in the(More)
In Enterobacter aerogenes, multidrug resistance involves a decrease in outer membrane permeability associated with changes in an as yet uncharacterized porin. We purified the major porin from the wild-type strain and a resistant strain. We characterized this porin, which was found to be an OmpC/OmpF-like protein and analysed its pore-forming properties in(More)