Nathalie Saint

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In Gram-negative bacteria and eukaryotic organelles, beta-barrel proteins of the outer membrane protein 85-two-partner secretion B (Omp85-TpsB) superfamily are essential components of protein transport machineries. The TpsB transporter FhaC mediates the secretion of Bordetella pertussis filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA). We report the 3.15 A crystal structure(More)
The effects on the channel characteristics of four single amino acid substitutions in OmpF porin and of a deletion mutant in the constriction loop L3 have been studied. These mutations are all located in the narrow section of the channel of the protein that forms pores across the outer membrane of Escherichia coli. The single channel conductance of the(More)
The small membrane protein p7 of hepatitis C virus forms oligomers and exhibits ion channel activity essential for virus infectivity. These viroporin features render p7 an attractive target for antiviral drug development. In this study, p7 from strain HCV-J (genotype 1b) was chemically synthesized and purified for ion channel activity measurements and(More)
In Gram-negative bacteria, the two-partner secretion pathway mediates the secretion of TpsA proteins with various functions. TpsB transporters specifically recognize their TpsA partners in the periplasm and mediate their transport through a hydrophilic channel. The filamentous haemagglutinin adhesin (FHA)/FhaC pair represents a model two-partner secretion(More)
In Enterobacter aerogenes, multidrug resistance involves a decrease in outer membrane permeability associated with changes in an as yet uncharacterized porin. We purified the major porin from the wild-type strain and a resistant strain. We characterized this porin, which was found to be an OmpC/OmpF-like protein and analysed its pore-forming properties in(More)
The porins PhoE and OmpF form anion and cation-selective pores, respectively, in the outer membrane of Escherichia coli. Each monomer of these trimeric proteins consists of a 16-stranded beta-barrel, which contains a constriction at half the height of the channel. The functional significance of a transverse electrical field that is formed by charged amino(More)
Many bioactive peptides, presenting an unstructured conformation in aqueous solution, are made resistant to degradation by posttranslational modifications. Here, we describe how molecular oligomerization in aqueous solution can generate a still unknown transport form for amphipathic peptides, which is more compact and resistant to proteases than forms(More)
Each monomer of the trimeric outer membrane porin PhoE of Escherichia coli consists of a 16-stranded beta-barrel with short turns at the periplasmic side and large loops at the cell surface. One of these loops, L3, is folded inside the beta-barrel and forms a constriction within the channel. Therefore, it is assumed to play an important role in the(More)
The sole histidine residue in OmpF porin was replaced by threonine using site-directed mutagenesis. This exchange affected neither channel properties nor channel structure, as determined by X-ray analysis to 3.2 A. Conductance and critical voltage (Vc) were observed in the pH range 4.3-9.4, with results indistinguishable from those observed in the wild-type(More)
Mycobacteria are characterized by an unusual cell wall that controls nutrient and small hydrophilic compound permeability. Porin-like proteins are necessary to ensure the transport of molecules into the cell. Here, we investigated the pore-forming properties of OmpATb, a porin from Mycobacterium tuberculosis, in lipid bilayers. Multi-channel experiments(More)