Nathalie Rouach

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Synaptic plasticity involves activity-dependent trafficking of AMPA-type glutamate receptors. Numerous cytoplasmic scaffolding proteins are postulated to control AMPA receptor trafficking, but the detailed mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we show that the transmembrane AMPA receptor regulatory protein (TARP) gamma-8, which is preferentially expressed in the(More)
Astrocytes provide metabolic substrates to neurons in an activity-dependent manner. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in this function, as well as its role in synaptic transmission, remain unclear. Here, we show that the gap-junction subunit proteins connexin 43 and 30 allow intercellular trafficking of glucose and its metabolites through(More)
Dynamic aspects of interactions between astrocytes, neurons and the vasculature have recently been in the neuroscience spotlight. It has emerged that not only neurons but also astrocytes are organized into networks. Whereas neuronal networks exchange information through electrical and chemical synapses, astrocytes are interconnected through gap junction(More)
Gap junctions are widely expressed in the various cell types of the central nervous system. These specialized membrane intercellular junctions provide the morphological support for direct electrical and biochemical communication between adjacent cells. This intercellular coupling is controlled by neurotransmitters and other endogenous compounds produced and(More)
Activation of postsynaptic group 1 metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) by the agonist DHPG causes a long-term depression (DHPG-LTD) of excitatory transmission in the CA1 region of the hippocampus, as well as causing the release of endocannabinoids from pyramidal cells. As cannabinoid agonists cause a presynaptic inhibition at these synapses and(More)
Astrocytes dynamically interact with neurons to regulate synaptic transmission. Although the gap junction proteins connexin 30 (Cx30) and connexin 43 (Cx43) mediate the extensive network organization of astrocytes, their role in synaptic physiology is unknown. Here we show, by inactivating Cx30 and Cx43 genes, that astroglial networks tone down hippocampal(More)
The extracellular N-terminal domain (NTD) is the largest region of NMDA receptors; however, biological roles for this ectodomain remain unknown. Here, we determined that the F-box protein, Fbx2, bound to high-mannose glycans of the NR1 ectodomain. F-box proteins specify ubiquitination by linking protein substrates to the terminal E3 ligase. Indeed,(More)
Astrocytes are typically interconnected by gap junction channels that allow, in vitro as well as in vivo, a high degree of intercellular communication between these glial cells. Using cocultures of astrocytes and neurons, we have demonstrated that gap junctional communication (GJC) and connexin 43 (Cx43) expression, the major junctional protein in(More)
Astrocytes contribute to neurotransmission through a variety of mechanisms ranging from synapse isolation to active signaling. Astroglial involvement in neurophysiology has been mostly investigated at the single-cell level. However, a unique feature of astrocytes is their high level of intercellular connectivity mediated by connexins, the proteins forming(More)
Fast exchange of extracellular signals between neurons and astrocytes is crucial for synaptic function. Over the last few decades, different pathways of astroglial release of neuroactive substances have been proposed to modulate neurotransmission. However, their involvement in physiological conditions is highly debated. Connexins, the gap junction forming(More)