Nathalie Rivard

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The mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade operates downstream of Ras to convey cell-surface signals to the nucleus via nuclear translocation of ERK1 and ERK2. We and others have recently demonstrated that activation of ERK1/2 by growth factors is required for proliferation of intestinal epithelial crypt cells. However, it remained to be established(More)
BACKGROUND The PTEN phosphatase acts on phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-triphosphates resulting from phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) activation. PTEN expression has been shown to be decreased in colorectal cancer. Little is known however as to the specific cellular role of PTEN in human intestinal epithelial cells. The aim of this study was to investigate(More)
Intestinal epithelial integrity and polarity are maintained by cohesive interactions between cells via the formation of tight junctions. Irregularities in tight junctions have only recently been found to be associated with the initiation and progression of intestinal neoplasia. The claudin family of proteins is integral to the structure and function of the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Although Hnf1alpha is crucial for pancreas and liver functions, it is believed to play a limited functional role for intestinal epithelial functions. The aim of this study was to assess the consequences of abrogating Hnf1alpha on the maintenance of adult small intestinal epithelial functions. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS An Hnf1alpha(More)
Aberrant regulation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is one of the major causes of colorectal cancer (CRC). Loss-of-function mutations in APC are commonly found in CRC, leading to inappropriate activation of canonical Wnt signaling. Conversely, gain-of-function mutations in KRAS and BRAF genes are detected in up to 60% of CRCs. Whereas(More)
BACKGROUND Among the most harmful of all genetic abnormalities that appear in colorectal cancer (CRC) development are mutations of KRAS and its downstream effector BRAF as they result in abnormal extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK) signaling. In a previous report, we had shown that expression of a constitutive active mutant of MEK1 (caMEK) in normal(More)
It is generally accepted that peptide-YY (PYY), an ileocolonic peptide, is released by luminal nutrients and exogenous cholecystokinin (CCK). The importance of luminal nutrients as major PYY releasers was recently challenged when significant increases in plasma PYY were observed in response to pancreatic juice diversion in rats free of luminal nutrients.(More)
The transcription factor E2F4 controls proliferation of normal and cancerous intestinal epithelial cells. E2F4 localization in normal human intestinal epithelial cells (HIEC) is cell cycle-dependent, being cytoplasmic in quiescent differentiated cells but nuclear in proliferative cells. However, the intracellular signaling mechanisms regulating such E2F4(More)
This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of Sandostatin, a potent somatostatin analogue, on pancreatic and intestinal growth and plasma and pancreatic levels of insulin-like growth factor I, a known growth factor. Rats weighing 320-330 g, equipped with an intravenous cannula were infused with either bovine serum albumin or Sandostatin at a dose of(More)
Cathepsin B is a cysteine proteinase that primarily functions as an endopeptidase within endolysosomal compartments in normal cells. However, during tumoral expansion, the regulation of cathepsin B can be altered at multiple levels, thereby resulting in its overexpression and export outside of the cell. This may suggest a possible role of cathepsin B in(More)