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Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is characterized by the presence of the constitutively active BCR-ABL protein tyrosine kinase. Using a multipotent hemopoietic cell line, FDCP-Mix, expressing BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase, we investigated the initial effects of this kinase in primitive hematopoietic stem cells. We identified down-regulation of a novel gene, CCN3,(More)
In the endocrine pancreas, alpha-cell-specific expression of the glucagon gene is mediated by DNA-binding proteins that interact with the G1 proximal promoter element. Among these proteins, the paired domain transcription factor Pax-6 has been shown to bind to G1 and to transactivate glucagon gene expression. Close to the Pax-6-binding site, we observed the(More)
The CCN family of genes consists presently of six members in human (CCN1-6) also known as Cyr61 (Cystein rich 61), CTGF (Connective Tissue Growth Factor), NOV (Nephroblastoma Overexpressed gene), WISP-1, 2 and 3 (Wnt-1 Induced Secreted Proteins). Results obtained over the past decade have indicated that CCN proteins are matricellular proteins, which are(More)
Previous work had suggested that recombinant CCN3 was partially inhibiting cell proliferation. Here we show that native CCN3 protein secreted into the conditioned medium of glioma transfected cells indeed induces a reduction in cell proliferation. Large amounts of CCN3 are shown to accumulate both cytoplasmically and extracellularly as cells reach high(More)
The CCN genes encode secreted proteins, associated to the extracellular matrix. They are involved in diverse biological processes such as regulation of cell- adhesion, migration, proliferation, differentiation and survival. They play important roles in pregnancy, development, angiogenesis, wound repair and inflammation. Several lines of evidence support a(More)
Melanocytes reside within the basal layer of the human epidermis, where they attach to the basement membrane and replicate at a rate proportionate to that of keratinocytes, maintaining a lifelong stable ratio. In this study, we report that coculturing melanocytes with keratinocytes up-regulated CCN3, a matricellular protein that we subsequently found to be(More)
CCN3 is a founding member of the CCN (Cyr61, Ctgf, Nov) family of cell growth and differentiation regulators. These secreted proteins are key regulators in embryonic development, and are associated with severe pathologies including fibrotic diseases and cancers. CCN3 was discovered as a MAV integration site in an avian nephroblastoma. Previous work(More)
Secreted factors and cell surface receptors can be internalized by endocytosis and translocated to the cytoplasm. Instead of being recycled or proteolysed, they sometimes translocate to the nucleus. Nuclear import generally involves a nuclear localization signal contained either in the secreted factor or its transmembrane receptor, that is recognized by the(More)
Pax-6 and microphthalmia transcription factor (Mitf) are required for proper eye development. Pax-6, expressed in both the neuroretina and pigmented retina, has two DNA-binding domains: the paired domain and the homeodomain. Mice homozygous for Pax-6 mutations are anophthalmic. Mitf, a basic helix-loop-helix leucine zipper (b-HLH-LZ) transcription factor(More)
The CCN (CYR61 [Cystein-rich61]/CTGF [connective tissue growth factor]/NOV [Nephroblastoma overexpressed]) proteins constitute a family of regulatory factors involved in many aspects of cell proliferation and differentiation. An increasing body of evidence indicates that abnormal expression of the CCN proteins is associated to tumourgenesis. The(More)