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The CCN family of genes consists presently of six members in human (CCN1-6) also known as Cyr61 (Cystein rich 61), CTGF (Connective Tissue Growth Factor), NOV (Nephroblastoma Overexpressed gene), WISP-1, 2 and 3 (Wnt-1 Induced Secreted Proteins). Results obtained over the past decade have indicated that CCN proteins are matricellular proteins, which are(More)
Secreted factors and cell surface receptors can be internalized by endocytosis and translocated to the cytoplasm. Instead of being recycled or proteolysed, they sometimes translocate to the nucleus. Nuclear import generally involves a nuclear localization signal contained either in the secreted factor or its transmembrane receptor, that is recognized by the(More)
The CCN (CYR61 [Cystein-rich61]/CTGF [connective tissue growth factor]/NOV [Nephroblastoma overexpressed]) proteins constitute a family of regulatory factors involved in many aspects of cell proliferation and differentiation. An increasing body of evidence indicates that abnormal expression of the CCN proteins is associated to tumourgenesis. The(More)
Melanocytes reside within the basal layer of the human epidermis, where they attach to the basement membrane and replicate at a rate proportionate to that of keratinocytes, maintaining a lifelong stable ratio. In this study, we report that coculturing melanocytes with keratinocytes up-regulated CCN3, a matricellular protein that we subsequently found to be(More)
CCN3 is a member of the CCN family of cell growth and differentiation regulators that play key roles during embryonic development, and are associated with severe human pathologies. The level of CCN genes' expression is of prognostic value in several types of tumors. In the present manuscript, we report the isolation and characterization of a new set of(More)
PURPOSE To study PTP4A3 phosphatase and MMP14 metalloprotease synergy in uveal melanoma aggressiveness. METHODS Cell membrane localization of matrix metalloprotease 14 (MMP14) in uveal melanoma cells expressing protein tyrosine phosphatase A3 (PTP4A3) was assessed by flow cytometry or immunohistochemistry. The vesicular trafficking of MMP14 in the(More)
Uveal melanoma is the most common intraocular malignancy in adults, representing between about 4% and 5% of all melanomas. High expression levels of Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase 4A3, a dual phosphatase, is highly predictive of metastasis development and PTP4A3 overexpression in uveal melanoma cells increases their in vitro migration and in vivo(More)
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