Nathalie Niederhoffer

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Calcification of the elastic arteries of the young rat by treatment with vitamin D and nicotine (VDN) has been proposed as an animal model of arterial calcification associated with age and age-related vascular pathology in man. The calcium-binding protein, S-100, which is found in human atherosclerotic lesions was associated with medial calcification of the(More)
Age-related changes in systemic arterial blood pressure, basal cerebral blood flow (CBF), and CBF regulatory capacity were investigated in awake 6-, 12-, 24-, and 30-mo-old male Wistar (WAG/Rij) rats, one-half of which received the angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) perindopril from 6 mo onward. There was no age-dependent change in mean(More)
Heptahelical receptors are coupled to heterotrimeric GTP-binding proteins (G-proteins) which transduce most signals through their alpha and betagamma subunits to effectors, enzymes and ion channels. Of the 367 heptahelical receptors for endogenous ligands, about 330 are potential targets for drug discovery with agonist, antagonist or inverse agonist(More)
Recent evidence suggests that apoptosis in post-mitotic neurons involves an aborted attempt of cells to re-enter the cell cycle which is characterized by increased expression of cyclins, such as cyclin D1, prior to death. However, such cyclins activation prior to apoptotic cell death remains controversial. Many neurological disorders are characterized by(More)
We tested the hypothesis that a simple change in wall composition (medial calcium overload of elastic fibers) can decrease aortic elasticity. Calcium overload was produced by hypervitaminosis D plus nicotine (VDN) in the young rat. Two months later, measurement of central aortic mean blood pressure in the unanesthetized, unrestrained rat showed that the VDN(More)
Mast cells are found in the brain, where they contribute to immune responses. They have been implicated in multiple sclerosis, but their potential role in Alzheimers disease (AD), another inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, remains elusive. In the present study, we examined mast cell responses to amyloid beta (Abeta) peptides 1-40 and 1-42,(More)
We evaluated the effect of different vasodilators on ventricular end-systolic stress by investigating the impact of sodium nitroprusside, nifedipine, and hydralazine on blood pressure, aortic stiffness, and wave reflection during drug-induced hypotension (to 80 mm Hg mean blood pressure) in normotensive (central aortic mean blood pressure, 116 to 119 mm Hg;(More)
BACKGROUND Alterations in muscarinic receptor expression and acetylcholinesterase (AchE) activity have been observed in tissues from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Vagal overactivity has been proposed as a possible cause of SIDS as well as of vasovagal syncopes. The aim of the present study was to seek whether muscarinic receptor overexpression may be(More)
We tested whether cardiac mass can be related to decreased aortic stiffness in an original rat model of isolated systolic hypertension. Increased aortic stiffness was produced by calcium overload of elastic arteries after vitamin D3 plus nicotine treatment. Half of the animals were chronically treated with the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor(More)
With a training schedule (8 weeks' treadmill running at 30 m/min up a 10% incline 5 d/wk for 90 min/day), we investigated whether exercise modifies aortic wall dimensions, composition (calcium and elastin content), or stiffness in normotensive 6-month-old male Wistar WAG/Rij rats. Maximal oxygen uptake was measured in half of the rats (n=10 per group). Wall(More)