Nathalie Niederhoffer

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Cannabinoids elicit marked cardiovascular responses. It is not clear how peripheral effects on the autonomic nervous system contribute to these responses. The aim of the present study was to characterize the peripheral actions of cannabinoids on the autonomic innervation of the heart. Experiments were carried out on pithed rabbits. In the first series of(More)
Our objective was to identify the sites of interaction of cannabinoids with cardiovascular sympathetic regulation in the rat. Effects on sympathetic tone were first determined in anaesthetised animals following i.v. administration of the drugs. Central effects were evaluated in anaesthetised rats receiving microinjections of cannabinoids into brain stem(More)
1 The primary aim was to study the central respiratory effects of cannabinoids (CB). To this end, the cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN55212-2 was injected into the cisterna magna of urethane-anaesthetised rats and changes in respiratory parameters were observed. The secondary aim was to observe the centrally elicited cardiovascular actions of WIN55212-2.(More)
Recent evidence suggests that apoptosis in post-mitotic neurons involves an aborted attempt of cells to re-enter the cell cycle which is characterized by increased expression of cyclins, such as cyclin D1, prior to death. However, such cyclins activation prior to apoptotic cell death remains controversial. Many neurological disorders are characterized by(More)
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the respiratory effects of cannabinoids and their influence on cardiovascular homeostasis.In spontaneously breathing urethane-anaesthetised rats, intravenous injection of the two synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists WIN55212-2 and CP55940 strongly and dose-dependently lowered mean arterial pressure,(More)
Activation of CB(1) cannabinoid receptors by exogenous agonists causes presynaptic inhibition of neurotransmitter release from axon terminals. In the central nervous system, presynaptic CB(1) receptors can also be activated by endogenous cannabinoids (endocannabinoids) released from postsynaptic neurons. Except in the vas deferens, there is no indication of(More)
1. The objective of the present study was to analyse the peripheral effects of cannabinoids on adrenaline release from adrenal chromaffin cells. 2. In pithed rabbits with electrically stimulated sympathetic outflow, intravenous injection of the cannabinoid receptor agonists WIN55212-2 and CP55940 (5, 50 and 500 microg x kg(-1)) markedly lowered the plasma(More)
Heptahelical receptors are coupled to heterotrimeric GTP-binding proteins (G-proteins) which transduce most signals through their alpha and betagamma subunits to effectors, enzymes and ion channels. Of the 367 heptahelical receptors for endogenous ligands, about 330 are potential targets for drug discovery with agonist, antagonist or inverse agonist(More)
The mechanism of the sympathoinhibition produced by two new derivatives of clonidine, rilmenidine and moxonidine, was studied. One aim was to determine the receptor responsible for the central sympathoinhibition by these drugs. Rilmenidine and moxonidine were injected into the cisterna cerebellomedullaris. They decreased blood pressure and the plasma(More)
With a training schedule (8 weeks' treadmill running at 30 m/min up a 10% incline 5 d/wk for 90 min/day), we investigated whether exercise modifies aortic wall dimensions, composition (calcium and elastin content), or stiffness in normotensive 6-month-old male Wistar WAG/Rij rats. Maximal oxygen uptake was measured in half of the rats (n=10 per group). Wall(More)