Nathalie Niederhoffer

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We tested the hypothesis that a simple change in wall composition (medial calcium overload of elastic fibers) can decrease aortic elasticity. Calcium overload was produced by hypervitaminosis D plus nicotine (VDN) in the young rat. Two months later, measurement of central aortic mean blood pressure in the unanesthetized, unrestrained rat showed that the VDN(More)
Calcification of the elastic arteries of the young rat by treatment with vitamin D and nicotine (VDN) has been proposed as an animal model of arterial calcification associated with age and age-related vascular pathology in man. The calcium-binding protein, S-100, which is found in human atherosclerotic lesions was associated with medial calcification of the(More)
Mast cells are found in the brain, where they contribute to immune responses. They have been implicated in multiple sclerosis, but their potential role in Alzheimers disease (AD), another inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, remains elusive. In the present study, we examined mast cell responses to amyloid beta (Abeta) peptides 1-40 and 1-42,(More)
Age-related changes in systemic arterial blood pressure, basal cerebral blood flow (CBF), and CBF regulatory capacity were investigated in awake 6-, 12-, 24-, and 30-mo-old male Wistar (WAG/Rij) rats, one-half of which received the angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) perindopril from 6 mo onward. There was no age-dependent change in mean(More)
Recent evidence suggests that apoptosis in post-mitotic neurons involves an aborted attempt of cells to re-enter the cell cycle which is characterized by increased expression of cyclins, such as cyclin D1, prior to death. However, such cyclins activation prior to apoptotic cell death remains controversial. Many neurological disorders are characterized by(More)
Mast cells play pivotal roles in allergic and inflammatory processes via distinct activation pathways. Mucosal and serosal mast cells are activated by the IgE/FcepsilonRI pathway, while only serosal mast cells are activated by basic secretagogues. We show that CD47 receptors are expressed on rat peritoneal mast cells. 4N1K, a peptide agonist of CD47,(More)
BACKGROUND Alterations in muscarinic receptor expression and acetylcholinesterase (AchE) activity have been observed in tissues from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Vagal overactivity has been proposed as a possible cause of SIDS as well as of vasovagal syncopes. The aim of the present study was to seek whether muscarinic receptor overexpression may be(More)
Heptahelical receptors are coupled to heterotrimeric GTP-binding proteins (G-proteins) which transduce most signals through their alpha and betagamma subunits to effectors, enzymes and ion channels. Of the 367 heptahelical receptors for endogenous ligands, about 330 are potential targets for drug discovery with agonist, antagonist or inverse agonist(More)
We evaluated the effect of different vasodilators on ventricular end-systolic stress by investigating the impact of sodium nitroprusside, nifedipine, and hydralazine on blood pressure, aortic stiffness, and wave reflection during drug-induced hypotension (to 80 mm Hg mean blood pressure) in normotensive (central aortic mean blood pressure, 116 to 119 mm Hg;(More)
1. We investigated possible structural correlates of the beneficial effect of chronic angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition (ACEI) with lisinopril on the aortic distensibility of normotensive rats. 2. Experiments were performed in young (4-month old), normotensive, Wistar rats which received lisinopril in their drinking water (0.9 or 9 mg kg-1 day-1) for(More)