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Semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidases (SSAO) are widely distributed enzymes scavenging biogenic or exogenous amines and generating hydrogen peroxide. We asked whether human adipose tissue could express SSAO. Since hydrogen peroxide exhibits pharmacological insulin-like effects, we also tested whether its endogenous production by SSAO could mimic several(More)
Clinical and experimental studies show a modulatory role of estrogens in the brain and suggest their beneficial action in mental and neurodegenerative diseases. The estrogen receptors ERalpha and ERbeta are present in the brain and their targeting could bring selectivity and reduced risk of cancer. Implication of ERs in the effect of estradiol on dopamine,(More)
Nonadrenergic imidazoline I2-binding sites colocalize with monoamine oxidase (MAO) in various tissues. As white adipocytes from various species have been reported to be very rich in I2-sites, the authors consider whether these cells show a substantial MAO activity and explore its functional role. Oxidation of [14C]tyramine by rat adipocyte membranes was(More)
The previous characterization of an abundant population of non-adrenergic imidazoline-I2 binding sites in adipocytes and the recent demonstration of the interplay between these binding sites and amine oxidases led us to analyze the amine oxidase activity in membranes from isolated rat adipocytes. Adipocyte membranes had substantial levels of(More)
The p21-activated kinase (PAK) proteins regulate many cellular events including cell cycle progression, cell death and survival, and cytoskeleton rearrangements. We previously identified X-PAK5 that binds the actin and microtubule networks, and could potentially regulate their coordinated dynamics during cell motility. In this study, we investigated the(More)
Previous results from our laboratory have shown that 17beta-oestradiol prevents 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) striatal dopamine depletion. 17beta-oestradiol, oestriol and oestrone are the naturally occurring oestogens in humans. Using various dopamine markers, the present study investigated whether oestrone and oestriol such as(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-1, IGF-1, is believed to be an important anabolic modulator of cartilage metabolism and its bioactivity and bioavailability is regulated, in part, by IGF-1 binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3). Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) stimulates IGF-1 production by articular chondrocytes and we determined whether the eicosanoid could regulate IGFBP-3 and,(More)
BACKGROUND Cytokinesis is the final step of cell division taking place at the end of mitosis during which the cytoplasmic content and replicated chromosomes of a cell are equally partitioned between the two daughter cells. This process is achieved by the formation and the ingression of an actomyosin contractile ring under the control of equatorial(More)
Ran is an essential GTPase that controls nucleocytoplasmic transport, mitosis, and nuclear envelope formation. These functions are regulated by interaction of Ran with different partners, and by formation of a Ran-GTP gradient emanating from chromatin. Here, we identify a novel level of Ran regulation. We show that Ran is a substrate for p21-activated(More)
Collective cell migration (CCM) is essential for organism development, wound healing, and metastatic transition, the primary cause of cancer-related death, and it involves cell-cell adhesion molecules of the cadherin family. Increased P-cadherin expression levels are correlated with tumor aggressiveness in carcinoma and aggressive sarcoma; however, how(More)