Nathalie Milan

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High-dosage buprenorphine (BUP) consumed concomitantly with benzodiazepines (BZDs) including flunitrazepam (FZ) may cause life-threatening respiratory depression despite a BUP ceiling effect and BZDs' limited effects on ventilation. However, the mechanism of BUP/FZ interaction remains unknown. We hypothesized that BUP may alter the disposition of FZ active(More)
Methadone may cause respiratory depression. We aimed to understand methadone-related effects on ventilation as well as each opioid-receptor (OR) role. We studied the respiratory effects of intraperitoneal methadone at 1.5, 5, and 15 mg/kg (corresponding to 80% of the lethal dose-50%) in rats using arterial blood gases and plethysmography. OR antagonists,(More)
In humans, asphyxic deaths and severe poisonings have been attributed to high-dosage buprenorphine, a maintenance therapy for heroin addiction. However, in rats, intravenous buprenorphine at doses up to 90 mg kg(-1) was not associated with significant effects on arterial blood gases. In contrast, norbuprenorphine, the buprenorphine major cytochrome P450(More)
A gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for detection of diazepam, nordazepam and oxazepam is presented. The method associates electron capture ionization and multiple reaction monitoring (MRM). No derivatization is performed; oxazepam undergoes thermal degradation during chromatographic injection and is thus quantified via its decomposition(More)
Buprenorphine (BUP), a synthetic opioid analgesic, is frequently abused alone, and in association with benzodiazepines. Fatalities involving buprenorphine alone seem very unusual while its association with benzodiazepines, such as flunitrazepam (FNZ), has been reported to result in severe respiratory depression and death. The quantitative relationship(More)
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