Nathalie Michels

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This paper provides age- and sex-specific reference values for short-term heart rate variability (HRV) data in children by time domain and frequency domain methods. Furthermore, HRV determinants will be determined. In 460 children (5–10 years), 5-minute HRV measurements in supine position were undertaken with Polar chest belts. The data were manually edited(More)
Dietary assessment is strongly affected by misreporting (both under- and over-reporting), which results in measurement error. Knowledge about misreporting is essential to correctly interpret potentially biased associations between diet and health outcomes. In young children, dietary data mainly rely on proxy respondents but little is known about(More)
INTRODUCTION Studies such as IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of dietary- and lifestyle-induced health effects in children and infants) seek to compare data across several different countries. Therefore, it is important to confirm that body composition indices, which are subject to intra- and inter-individual variation, are measured using a(More)
The study’s aim was to analyse whether children’s bone status, assessed by calcaneal ultrasound measurements, is influenced by dairy consumption and objectively measured physical activity (PA). Moreover, the interaction between dairy consumption and PA on bone mass was studied. Participants of this cross-sectional study were 306 Flemish children (6–12(More)
PURPOSE Psychological stress has been suggested to result in hormonal effects (e.g. changes in cortisol pattern) that may change food selection in unhealthy ways. This study examines whether children's dietary pattern is indeed related to salivary cortisol levels. METHODS In 323 children (5-10 years old) participating in the Belgian ChiBS study, salivary(More)
The prevalence of childhood stress and psychosomatic and emotional symptoms (PES) has increased in parallel, indicating that adverse, stressful circumstances and PES in children might be associated. This study describes the prevalence of PES in European children, aged 4–11 years old, and examines the relationship among PES, negative life events (NLE) and(More)
To evaluate the impact of stress on children's well-being, it is important to have valid and reliable stress assessment methods. Nevertheless, selection of an appropriate method for a particular research question may not be straightforward, as there is currently no consensus on a reference method to measure stress in children. This article examined to what(More)
BACKGROUND Measurement of cholesterol and triglyceride (TG) fractions in blood has become standard practice in the early detection of atherosclerotic disease pathways. Considerable attention is given nowadays to the presence of these risk factors in children and to start preventive campaigns early in life. In this context, it is imperative to have valid(More)
The present paper will use fat mass percentage (FM%) obtained via BOD POD® air-displacement plethysmography (FMADP%) to examine the relative validity of (1) anthropometric measurements/indices and (2) of FM% assessed with equations (FMeq%) based on skinfold thickness and bioelectrical impedance (BIA). In 480 Belgian children (aged 5-11 years) weight,(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Salivary cortisol has been widely used to assess childhood stress. Yet, there is no consensus on reference concentrations, awakening response, guideline compliance and contribution of sampling factors to the variation in children's salivary cortisol levels. METHODS Samples were collected from 444 Belgian children participating in the ChiBS(More)