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The present study examined the effects of a series of tricyclic muscarinic receptor antagonists on muscarinic receptors present in the guinea-pig ileum, both in vitro and in vivo. The selectivity profiles of these antagonists and that of atropine were determined by their affinity for cortical muscarinic M1, cardiac M2 and submandibular M3 receptors and for(More)
OBJECTIVE The individual burden of inhaled ambient-air toluene and its link to genotoxic phenomena in exposed printing workers. METHOD The influence of toluene on sister chromatid exchange (SCE) was investigated by monitoring of the individual toluene burden of 42 exposed printing workers. Therefore, the urinary hippuric acid (HA) excretion was measured(More)
The protein nerve growth factor (NGF) is known to be essential for the maturation and maintenance of adrenergic neurones and for the development of sensory neurones during critical stages of embryonic life. The investigation of the physiological importance of NGF for the development of sensory neurones has been hampered so far by the lack of biochemical(More)
The interaction of the AF-DX 116 analogue, AQ-RA 741 (11-[[4-[4-(diethylamino)butyl]-1-piperidinyl]acetyl]-5,11- dihydro-6H-pyrido[2,3-b] [1,4]benzodiazepin-6-one), with muscarinic receptors, in vitro and in vivo, was examined. In radioligand binding studies, AQ-RA 741 showed high affinity for cardiac M2 sites (pKi = 8.30), intermediate affinity for(More)
The discovery of the M1-selective receptor antagonist pirenzepine was the impetus for a research project directed towards the development of selective muscarinic antagonists. In the pursuit of this objective, compounds with different selectivity profiles have been found. AF-DX 116 was the first cardioselective antagonist synthesized. Subsequently novel M2(More)
The novel antimuscarinic compound UH-AH 37 (6-chloro-5,10-dihydro-5-[(1-methyl-4-piperidyl)acetyl]-11H- dibenzo-[b, e][1,4]diazepine-11-one hydrochloride) showed a 14-fold higher affinity for ileal than for atrial muscarinic receptors. In receptor binding studies UH-AH 37 showed no marked selectivity for either atrial, glandular or ileal muscarinic binding(More)
Administration of anti-nerve growth factor (NGF)-antibodies to newborn rats produces a marked but reversible reduction of the substance P content in dorsal root ganglia. This is in contrast to the effect of anti-NGF-antibodies on sympathetic ganglia, where they cause a destruction of the adrenergic neurons as is evident in the irreversible reduction of(More)
OBJECTIVE Articular cartilage has a poor capacity for spontaneous repair. Tissue engineering approaches using biomaterials and chondrocytes offer hope for treatments. Our goal was to test whether collagen sponges could be used as scaffolds for reconstruction of cartilage with human articular chondrocytes. We investigated the effects on the nature and(More)
The tritiated cardioselective muscarinic antagonist AF-DX 384 (5,11-dihydro-11-[2-(-[8-dipropylamino)methyl]-1-piperidinyl]-ethyl] amino]-carbonyl]-6H-pyrido [2,3-b] [1,4]benzodiazepin-6-one) was used to label muscarinic receptors in the rat ileum. Saturation binding to membrane suspensions revealed a high affinity binding site with a Kd of 9.2 nM. The(More)