Nathalie Mayer

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The present study examined the effects of a series of tricyclic muscarinic receptor antagonists on muscarinic receptors present in the guinea-pig ileum, both in vitro and in vivo. The selectivity profiles of these antagonists and that of atropine were determined by their affinity for cortical muscarinic M1, cardiac M2 and submandibular M3 receptors and for(More)
The discovery of the M1-selective receptor antagonist pirenzepine was the impetus for a research project directed towards the development of selective muscarinic antagonists. In the pursuit of this objective, compounds with different selectivity profiles have been found. AF-DX 116 was the first cardioselective antagonist synthesized. Subsequently novel M2(More)
The protein nerve growth factor (NGF) is known to be essential for the maturation and maintenance of adrenergic neurones and for the development of sensory neurones during critical stages of embryonic life. The investigation of the physiological importance of NGF for the development of sensory neurones has been hampered so far by the lack of biochemical(More)
The tritiated cardioselective muscarinic antagonist AF-DX 384 (5,11-dihydro-11-[2-(-[8-dipropylamino)methyl]-1-piperidinyl]-ethyl] amino]-carbonyl]-6H-pyrido [2,3-b] [1,4]benzodiazepin-6-one) was used to label muscarinic receptors in the rat ileum. Saturation binding to membrane suspensions revealed a high affinity binding site with a Kd of 9.2 nM. The(More)
1. Rat brain synaptosomes were incubated under different conditions to study the release of substance P (SP). 2. Potassium ions and electrical field stimulation induced a loss of SP from synaptosomes. The release of SP by potassium in high concentrations (23.8 mM) was shown to be calcium dependent. 3. Substance P was retained in synaptosomes during(More)
1. The binding of substance P (SP) to synaptic vesicles from rat brain was studied by use of the 125I-Tyr8-analogue of SP. 2. The pH dependence of the binding of both peptides to the lipid extractable fraction of synaptic vesicles was shown to be comparable. 3. The binding of 125I-Tyr8-SP shows a rate constant of association (k1 = 6.6 x 10(6) M-1 S-1), a(More)
Administration of anti-nerve growth factor (NGF)-antibodies to newborn rats produces a marked but reversible reduction of the substance P content in dorsal root ganglia. This is in contrast to the effect of anti-NGF-antibodies on sympathetic ganglia, where they cause a destruction of the adrenergic neurons as is evident in the irreversible reduction of(More)
Articular cartilage has poor healing ability and cartilage injuries often evolve to osteoarthritis. Cell-based strategies aiming to engineer cartilaginous tissue through the combination of biocompatible scaffolds and articular chondrocytes represent an alternative to standard surgical techniques. In this context, perfusion bioreactors have been introduced(More)
Newborn or adult rats were pretreated with 50 mg kg-1 capsaicin. At the age of 2 to 4 months, binding of 125I-labelled Tyr8-substance P to synaptic vesicles prepared from different regions of the nervous system was examined. In both groups, capsaicin pretreatment led to a significant decrease in the number of binding sites in dorsal roots and spinal cord(More)
Homogenates of rat dorsal or ventral spinal cord were subjected to centrifugation on a continuous density gradient. The gradient was generated according to a new method with the aid of a microprocessor-controlled HPLC pump. The distribution of substance P-like immunoreactivity (SPI) and somatostatin-like immunoreactivity (SRIFI) across the gradient showed(More)