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BACKGROUND Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) in association with cryptococcosis has been anecdotically reported following administration of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). OBJECTIVE To analyse the incidence and risk factors for IRIS-associated cryptococcosis among HIV-infected patients. DESIGN Retrospective multicentre(More)
Fast and reliable assays to precisely define the nature of the infectious agents causing sepsis are eagerly anticipated. New molecular biology techniques are now available to define the presence of bacterial or fungal DNA within the bloodstream of sepsis patients. We have used a new technique (VYOO®) that allows the enrichment of microbial DNA before a(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify predictors of brain death after successful resuscitation of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), with the goal of improving the detection of brain death, and to evaluate outcomes of solid organs harvested from these patients. DESIGN AND SETTING Prospective observational cohort study in a medical and surgical unit of a nonuniversity(More)
Plasma and cervicovaginal secretion (CVS) samples were collected from 19 human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected women on lopinavir- or indinavir-containing regimens. Lopinavir and indinavir were detectable in 29 and 93% of CVS samples, respectively, a finding that may be ascribed to these drugs' differences in protein binding and pK(a). The(More)
Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is characterized by small vessel vasculitis and extravascular granulomas. The American College of Rheumatology classification criteria for CSS include asthma, eosinophili, and clinical manifestation of vasculitis. Gastrointestinal (GI) manifestations occur in 30% of patients, but are inaugural in only 16%. They denote vasculitis(More)
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