Nathalie Le Brun

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Using small angle neutron scattering we have measured the static form factor of two different superhelical DNAs, p1868 (1868 bp) and pUC18 (2686 bp), in dilute aqueous solution at salt concentrations between 0 and 1.5 M Na+ in 10 mM Tris at 0% and 100% D2O. For both DNA molecules, the theoretical static form factor was also calculated from an ensemble of(More)
The level of specialization of the entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema scapterisci with its native Xenorhabdus symbiont was investigated by testing (1) the influence of non-native bacterial strains on nematode fitness within an insect-host (Galleria mellonella) and (2) specificity of the association between the nematode infective juveniles and non-native(More)
Steinernema species are entomopathogenic nematodes. They are symbiotically associated with Enterobacteriaceae of the genus Xenorhabdus. These nematode–bacteria symbioses are extremely diversified and constitute an important new model in ecology and evolution to investigate symbioses between microbes and invertebrates. However, no study has so far adequately(More)
While the structure of the nucleosome core is known in atomic detail, the precise geometry of the DNA beyond the core particle is still unknown. We have used fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) for determining the end-to-end distance of DNA fragments assembled with histones into nucleosomes. The DNA of a length of 150-220 bp was labeled with(More)
The sophisticated acquisition procedures now available in spatially or time resolved spectroscopies produce large amounts of data which require e$cient automatic data processing procedures. In an electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) line-spectrum sequence, all individual spectra can be processed independently. However, it is better to consider the data(More)
In southern France, Diplozoon gracile (Monogenea, Polyopisthocotylea), parasitizes four sympatric cyprinids. One of these host species, Barbus meridionalis, naturally hybridizes with another species of barbel, Barbus barbus, which is never parasitized by D. gracile under natural conditions. This hybridization has previously been studied and described as an(More)
Recent advances in detectors and computer science have enabled the acquisition and the processing of multidimensional datasets, in particular in the field of spectral imaging. Benefiting from these new developments, Earth scientists try to recover the reflectance spectra of macroscopic materials (e.g., water, grass, mineral types…) present in an observed(More)
The flexibility of the chromatin structure, necessary for the processing of the genomic DNA, is controlled by a number of factors where flexibility and mobility of the nucleosomes is essential. Here, the influence of DNA supercoiling on the structure of single nucleosomes is investigated. Circular supercoiled plasmid DNA sub-saturated with histones was(More)
Carbon nanotubes (CNT) are a family of materials featuring a large range of length, diameter, numbers of walls and, quite often metallic impurities coming from the catalyst used for their synthesis. They exhibit unique physical properties, which have already led to an extensive development of CNT for numerous applications. Because of this development and(More)