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Intersectin-s is a modular scaffolding protein regulating the formation of clathrin-coated vesicles. In addition to the Eps15 homology (EH) and Src homology 3 (SH3) domains of intersectin-s, the neuronal variant (intersectin-l) also has Dbl homology (DH), pleckstrin homology (PH) and C2 domains. We now show that intersectin-l functions through its DH domain(More)
The Rho GTPases are implicated in almost every fundamental cellular process. They act as molecular switches that cycle between an active GTP-bound and an inactive GDP-bound state. Their slow intrinsic GTPase activity is greatly enhanced by RhoGAPs (Rho GTPase-activating proteins), thus causing their inactivation. To date, more than 70 RhoGAPs have been(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), the ligand for the Met receptor tyrosine kinase, is a potent modulator of epithelial-mesenchymal transition and dispersal of epithelial cells, processes that play crucial roles in tumor development, invasion, and metastasis. Little is known about the Met-dependent proximal signals that regulate these events. We show that HGF(More)
Netrins are chemotropic guidance cues that attract or repel growing axons during development. DCC (deleted in colorectal cancer), a transmembrane protein that is a receptor for netrin-1, is implicated in mediating both responses. However, the mechanism by which this is achieved remains unclear. Here we report that Rho GTPases are required for embryonic(More)
Netrin-1 attracts or repels growing axons during development. The UNC5 receptors mediate the repulsive response, either alone or in complex with DCC receptors. The signaling mechanisms activated by UNC5 are poorly understood. Here, we examined the role of Rho GTPases in UNC5a signaling. We found that UNC5a induced neurite outgrowth in N1E-115 neuroblastoma(More)
To achieve strong adhesion to their neighbors and sustain stress and tension, epithelial cells develop many different specialized adhesive structures. Breakdown of these structures occurs during tumor progression, with the development of a fibroblastic morphology characteristic of metastatic cells. During Ras transformation, Rac-signaling pathways(More)
Netrins are a family of secreted proteins that guide the migration of cells and axonal growth cones during development. DCC (deleted in colorectal cancer) is a receptor for netrin-1 implicated in mediating these responses. Here, we show that DCC interacts constitutively with the SH3/SH2 adaptor Nck in commissural neurons. This interaction is direct and(More)
Cyclic AMP (cAMP) is a pleiotropic second messenger that regulates numerous cellular processes. In vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), these include cell proliferation, migration, and contractility. Here we show that cAMP-elevating agents induce dramatic morphological changes in VSMCs, characterized by cell rounding and formation of long branching(More)
Cdc42 mediates several signaling pathways leading to actin reorganization, transcriptional activation, and cell cycle control. Mutational analysis of Cdc42 has revealed that actin reorganization and transcriptional activation are induced through independent signaling pathways. The Y40C effector mutant of Cdc42 no longer interacts with many of its known(More)
BACKGROUND INFORMATION Rho GTPases regulate a wide range of cellular functions affecting both cell proliferation and cytoskeletal dynamics. They cycle between inactive GDP- and active GTP-bound states. This cycle is tightly regulated by GEFs (guanine nucleotide-exchange factors) and GAPs (GTPase-activating proteins). Mouse CdGAP (mCdc42 GTPase-activating(More)