Nathalie Lailler

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The organization of mammalian DNA replication is poorly understood. We have produced high-resolution dynamic maps of the timing of replication in human erythroid, mesenchymal, and embryonic stem (ES) cells using TimEX, a method that relies on gaussian convolution of massive, highly redundant determinations of DNA copy-number variations during S phase to(More)
Activation of oncogenes by mechanisms other than genetic aberrations such as mutations, translocations, or amplifications is largely undefined. Here we report a novel isoform of the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) that is expressed in ∼11% of melanomas and sporadically in other human cancer types, but not in normal tissues. The novel ALK transcript(More)
H1 linker histones facilitate higher-order chromatin folding and are essential for mammalian development. To achieve high-resolution mapping of H1 variants H1d and H1c in embryonic stem cells (ESCs), we have established a knock-in system and shown that the N-terminally tagged H1 proteins are functionally interchangeable to their endogenous counterparts in(More)
Ovarian cancer is a deadly gynecologic malignancy for which novel biomarkers and therapeutic targets are imperative for improving survival. Previous studies have suggested the expression pattern of linker histone variants as potential biomarkers for ovarian cancer. To investigate the role of histone H1 in ovarian cancer cells, we characterize individual H1(More)
Experiments with somatic cell nuclear transfer, inter-cellular hybrid formation_ENREF_3, and ectopic expression of transcription factors have clearly demonstrated that cell fate can be dramatically altered by changing the epigenetic state of cell nuclei. Here we demonstrate, using chemical fusion, direct reprogramming of the genome of human embryonic(More)
Protein methyltransferases (PMTs) have emerged as important epigenetic regulators in myriad biological processes in both normal physiology and disease conditions. However, elucidating PMT-regulated epigenetic processes has been hampered by ambiguous knowledge about in vivo activities of individual PMTs particularly because of their overlapping but(More)
PCT onset by ~ 50%, it is likely that targeting IL-6 production in human bone marrow stromal cells would slow the transition from MGUS to frank MM with similar efficiency, potentially preventing many cases of newly diagnosed disease. The adoptive cell transfer approach described here can be readily extended to studies on other myeloma drivers that govern(More)
Phased genome maps are important to understand genetic and epigenetic regulation and disease mechanisms, particularly parental imprinting defects. Phasing is also critical to assess the functional consequences of genetic variants, and to allow precise definition of haplotype blocks which is useful to understand gene-flow and genotype-phenotype association(More)
1 Histone H1.3 suppresses H19 noncoding RNA expression and cell growth of ovarian cancer cells Magdalena Medrzycki, Yunzhe Zhang, Weijia Zhang, Kaixiang Cao, Chenyi Pan, Nathalie Lailler, John F. McDonald, Eric E. Bouhassira, Yuhong Fan # School of Biology, Georgia Institute of Technology, 310 Ferst Drive, Atlanta, GA, 30332, USA; The Petit Institute for(More)
Transcriptional silencing by heritable cytosine-5 methylation is an ancient strategy to repress transposable elements. It was previously thought that mammals possess four DNA methyltransferase paralogs-Dnmt1, Dnmt3a, Dnmt3b and Dnmt3l-that establish and maintain cytosine-5 methylation. Here we identify a fifth paralog, Dnmt3c, that is essential for(More)