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The deficits characteristic of Alzheimer's disease (AD) are believed to result, at least in part, from the neurotoxic effects of beta-amyloid peptides, a set of 39-43 amino acid fragments derived proteolytically from beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP). APP also is cleaved intracytoplasmically at Asp-664 to generate a second cytotoxic peptide, APP-C31, but(More)
Selective agonists of the sigma-1 (σ(1)) ligand-operated chaperone protein, like igmesine or PRE-084, are antidepressants in preclinical depression models. σ(1)-Protein activation may contribute to the antidepressant efficacy of drugs known to act as selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) or noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors through direct or(More)
In addition to its well-established role in gamma-secretase cleavage, presenilin (PS) also plays a role in regulating the stability of cytosolic beta-catenin, a protein involved in Wnt signaling. Several familial Alzheimer's disease-associated PS1 mutations have been shown to increase the stability of the signaling pool of beta-catenin, correlating with(More)
Despite very similar gene expression profiles, the clinical course of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is heterogeneous. Immunoglobulin VH (IgVH) mutational status and expression of B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling mediators have been associated with disease progression. However, the consequences of BCR engagement on cell survival and evolution of(More)
Progressive cases of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) are frequently associated with lymphadenopathy, highlighting a critical role for signals emanating from the tumor environment in the accumulation of malignant B cells. We investigated on CLL cells from 30 untreated patients the consequence of B-cell receptor (BCR) triggering on the membrane(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative pathology characterized by the presence of senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles, accompanied by synaptic and neuronal loss. The major component of senile plaques is an amyloid β protein (Aβ) formed by pathological processing of the Aβ precursor protein. We assessed the time-course and regional effects of(More)
The multiplicity of transcription factors involved in hematologic malignancies suggests a complicated scenario in which many different molecular mechanisms lead to malignant transformation. We hypothesized that some of these proteins might physically and functionally interact and thus mechanistically link different diseases. The ETO protein of t(8;21) acute(More)
The transcriptional repressor PLZF was identified by its translocation with retinoic acid receptor alpha in t(11;17) acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Ectopic expression of PLZF leads to cell cycle arrest and growth suppression, while disruption of normal PLZF function is implicated in the development of APL. To clarify the function of PLZF in cell growth(More)
BRCA1 is a tumor suppressor gene mutated in cases of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer. BRCA1 protein is involved in apoptosis and growth/tumor suppression. In this study, we present evidence that p65/RelA, one of the two subunits of the transcription factor NF-kappaB, binds to the BRCA1 protein. Treatment of 293T cells with the cytokine tumor necrosis(More)
The sigma-1 (σ₁) protein regulates calcium homeostasis and acts as an endoplasmic reticulum chaperone. It can be activated by ligands which impact memory, depression, anxiety or addiction processes. We here characterized the behavioural phenotype of knockout (KO) mice for the σ₁ protein. Two-month old male σ₁⁻/⁻ mice showed signs of anxiety in the(More)