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OBJECTIVE To refine the indications of bilateral hypogastric artery ligation (BHAL) and angiographic selective embolisation (ASE) in intractable obstetric haemorrhage. DESIGN an audit study. SETTING Tertiary care university hospital. POPULATION AND METHODS Retrospective analysis of 61 cases of obstetric intractable post partum haemorrhage (PPH)(More)
The chemokine stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) stimulates the growth of pre-B cells in vitro, and mice with a disrupted SDF-1 gene have abnormal fetal liver B cell lymphopoiesis. The origin of SDF-1 production has not been determined yet. Using an anti-SDF-1 mAb, we performed immunohistochemical studies in four human embryos and five fetuses to define(More)
Several reports have described an association between the presence of soluble human leukocyte antigen G (sHLA-G) in human embryo culture supernatants (ES) and implantation success. However, not all studies agree with these findings. To further document this debate, a multicentre blinded study was performed to investigate, on a large number of IVF ES and(More)
BACKGROUND The cytokine/chemokine levels of individual follicular fluids (FFs) were measured to determine whether a biomarker could be linked to the developmental potential of the derived embryo. METHODS Fluid was collected from 132 individual FFs that were the source of oocytes subsequently fertilized and transferred. In each, a bead-based multiplex(More)
Identification of biomarkers of optimal uterine receptivity to the implanting embryo as well as biomarkers of oocyte competence would undoubtedly improve the efficiency of assisted reproductive technology (ART). Expression of IL-15 and IL-18 has been shown to be different in patients with failed implantation after IVF/ICSI compared with fertile controls and(More)
New GnRH antagonists are available in clinical practice. The different studies have confirmed the efficacy of these antagonists in preventing the LH surge. Two protocols have been described: in the multiple dose regimens, small doses of antagonist (0.25 mg) are injected starting on stimulation day 5 or 6 until hCG. In the single dose protocol, one injection(More)
The advantage of hysteroscopy (HSC) over hysterosalpingography (HSG) in the accuracy of the diagnosis of uterine cavity abnormalities that may cause or contribute to infertility has been shown by numerous studies. The aim of this study was to analyse the results obtained from diagnostic HSC performed routinely during diagnostic laparoscopy in the(More)
LABELED PROBLEM Embryo implantation remains the main limiting factor in assisted reproductive medicine (20% success rate). METHODS OF STUDY An endometrial immune profiling was performed among 394 women with the previous history of repeated embryo implantation failures (RIF). The endometrial immune profile documented the ratio of IL-15/Fn-14 mRNA as a(More)
Since the first birth after IVF, many scientific papers have been published on the technical aspects of the IVF procedure, but few studies have addressed the issue of the perinatal outcome of IVF pregnancies and of the children's development and well-being. A high rate of adverse outcome has been demonstrated in a large group of IVF pregnancies.(More)