Nathalie Fomproix

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Actin and myosin have been individually implicated in different aspects of gene expression. Here, we show in vivo evidence for a specific nucleolar actin-myosin complex physically associated with both the RNA polymerase I holoenzyme and ribosomal genes. We find that this specific actin-myosin complex is functionally coupled to elongating ribosomal RNA(More)
Nuclear actin and myosin 1 (NM1) are key regulators of gene transcription. Here, we show by biochemical fractionation of nuclear extracts, protein-protein interaction studies and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays that NM1 is part of a multiprotein complex that contains WICH, a chromatin remodelling complex containing WSTF (Williams syndrome transcription(More)
In mammalian cells, the nucleoli disintegrate during mitosis and some nucleolar proteins disperse at the periphery of all chromosomes forming a novel class of chromosomal passenger proteins. The nucleolar components which participate in the formation of this perichromosomal layer have been investigated to elucidate the role of these perichromosomal proteins(More)
The mechanisms that control inactivation of ribosomal gene (rDNA) transcription during mitosis is still an open question. To investigate this fundamental question, the precise timing of mitotic arrest was established. In PtK1 cells, rDNA transcription was still active in prophase, stopped in prometaphase until early anaphase, and activated in late anaphase.(More)
A specific messenger ribonucleoprotein (RNP) particle, Balbiani ring (BR) granules in the dipteran Chironomus tentans, can be visualized during passage through the nuclear pore complex (NPC). We have now examined the transport through the nuclear basket preceding the actual translocation through the NPC. The basket consists of eight fibrils anchored to the(More)
To determine the function of actin in the cell nucleus, we sought to identify nuclear actin-binding proteins in the dipteran Chironomus tentans using DNase I-affinity chromatography. We identified the RNA-binding protein hrp65 as an actin-binding protein and showed that the C-terminal sequence of the hrp65-2 isoform is able to interact directly with actin(More)
During mitosis some nuclear complexes are relocalized at the chromosome periphery and are then reintegrated into the re-forming nuclei in late telophase. To address questions concerning translocation from the chromosome periphery to nuclei, the dynamics of one nucleolar perichromosomal protein which is involved in the ribosomal RNA processing machinery,(More)
RNA synthesis can be detected in nuclei using modified RNA precursors (Br-UTP) introduced in permeabilized cells. Surprisingly, RNA pol I transcripts are detected only after inhibition of RNA pol II or salt enhancement of RNA pol I activity. By modifying a previously reported protocol, we found that RNA pol I transcripts can be detected selectively or(More)
We have studied the nucleocytoplasmic transport of a specific messenger RNP (mRNP) particle, named Balbiani ring (BR) granule, and ribosomal RNP (rRNP) particles in the salivary glands of the dipteran Chironomus tentans. The passage of the RNPs through the nuclear pore complex (NPC) was inhibited with the nucleoporin-binding wheat germ agglutinin, and the(More)
The nuclear poly(A)-binding protein, PABPN1, has been previously shown to regulate mRNA poly(A) tail length and to interact with selected proteins involved in mRNA synthesis and trafficking. To further understand the role of PABPN1 in mRNA metabolism, we used cryo-immunoelectron microscopy to determine the fate of PABPN1 at various stages in the assembly(More)