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Recent genome-wide association studies have identified 5 loci (BIN1, CLU, CR1, EXOC3L2, and PICALM) as genetic determinants of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We attempted to confirm the association between these genes and the AD risk in 3 contrasting European populations (from Finland, Italy, and Spain). Because CLU and CR1 had already been analyzed in these(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the association of plasma cholesterol levels, lipid-lowering agent (LLA) intake, and APOE genotype with dementia prevalence. METHODS The Three-City Study is a population-based cohort of 9,294 subjects selected from the electoral rolls of three French cities (Bordeaux, Dijon, Montpellier). Baseline examination included extensive(More)
The only recognized genetic determinant of the common forms of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the epsilon 4 allele of the apolipoprotein E gene (APOE). To identify new candidate genes, we recently performed transcriptomic analysis of 2741 genes in chromosomal regions of interest using brain tissue of AD cases and controls. From 82 differentially expressed(More)
Apolipoprotein E (APOE) dependent lifetime risks (LTRs) for Alzheimer Disease (AD) are currently not accurately known and odds ratios alone are insufficient to assess these risks. We calculated AD LTR in 7351 cases and 10 132 controls from Caucasian ancestry using Rochester (USA) incidence data. At the age of 85 the LTR of AD without reference to APOE(More)
The only established genetic determinant of non-Mendelian forms of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the ε4 allele of the apolipoprotein E gene (APOE). Recently, it has been reported that the P86L polymorphism of the calcium homeostasis modulator 1 gene (CALHM1) is associated with the risk of developing AD. In order to independently assess this association, we(More)
OBJECTIVE Several lines of evidence indicate that a decrease in the CSF concentration of amyloid beta(42) (Abeta(42)) is a potential biomarker for incident Alzheimer disease. In contrast, studies on plasma Abeta(1-40) and Abeta(1-42) peptide levels have yielded contradictory results. Here, we explored the links between incident dementia and plasma(More)
BACKGROUND Alzheimer's disease is a common debilitating dementia with known heritability, for which 20 late onset susceptibility loci have been identified, but more remain to be discovered. This study sought to identify new susceptibility genes, using an alternative gene-wide analytical approach which tests for patterns of association within genes, in the(More)
APOE ɛ4, the most significant genetic risk factor for Alzheimer disease (AD), may mask effects of other loci. We re-analyzed genome-wide association study (GWAS) data from the International Genomics of Alzheimer's Project (IGAP) Consortium in APOE ɛ4+ (10 352 cases and 9207 controls) and APOE ɛ4- (7184 cases and 26 968 controls) subgroups as well as in the(More)
Several reports indicated that Alzheimer's disease (AD) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) may share similar genetic and pathological features. We postulated that the functional Y402H polymorphism within the CFH gene and unambiguously recognised as a major genetic determinant of AMD, may also be a risk factor of AD. We analysed the association of(More)
In epidemiological cohorts, there is an increased interest for the implementation of biobanks. The potential role of biological determinants of diseases needs to be investigated before the onset of the event of interest in order to limit the problems encountered when examining biological determinants in classical case–control studies. Biobank is now a very(More)