Nathalie Faumont

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Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) classically infects and transforms B lymphocytes in vitro, yielding lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs). In contrast to other herpesviruses, EBV is not described as an infectious agent for monocytes. However, recent papers described in vitro infection of monocytes leading to abortive or transient viral expression. In the present study,(More)
We examined lymph nodes and tonsils from patients with infectious mononucleosis by combined detection of EBV-encoded RNA and a specific marker of natural killer (NK) cells, PEN5. A small number of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latently infected nonneoplastic NK cells were detected. Our data demonstrate that NK cells are natural targets of EBV and that infection(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latency III program imposed by EBNA2 and LMP1 is directly responsible for immortalization of B cells in vitro and is thought to mediate most immunodeficiency-related posttransplant lymphoproliferative diseases in vivo. To answer the question whether and how this proliferation program is related to c-Myc, we have established the(More)
Overexpression and activation of TPM3-ALK tyrosine kinase fusion protein is a causal oncogenic event in the development of Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma and Inflammatory Myofibroblastic ALK-positive tumors. Thus, the development of ALK specific tyrosine kinase inhibitors is a current therapeutic challenge. Animal models are essential to assess, in vivo,(More)
EBV-immortalized B cells induce a complex immune response such that the virus persists as a clinically silent infection for the lifetime of the infected host. B7-H1, also called PD-L1, is a cosignaling molecule of the B7 family that can inhibit activated T cell effectors by interaction with its receptor PD-1. In this work, we have studied the dependence of(More)
BACKGROUND In Epstein-Barr virus-associated Hodgkin's lymphomas, neoplastic Reed-Sternberg cells and surrounding non-tumor B-cells contain different variants of the LMP1-BNLF1 oncogene. In this study, we raised the question of functional properties of latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) natural variants from both Reed-Sternberg and non-tumor B-cells. DESIGN(More)
The repair DNA polymerase beta (Polbeta), when overexpressed, plays a critical role in generating genetic instability via its interference with the genomic replication program. Up-regulation of Polbeta has been reported in many tumor types that exhibit genetic aberrations, including EBV-related B-cell lymphomas. However, the mechanisms responsible for its(More)
In this study, we determined the respective roles of RelA and RelB NF-κB subunits in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-transformed B cells. Using different EBV-immortalized B-cell models, we showed that only RelA activation increased both survival and cell growth. RelB activity was induced secondarily to RelA activation and repressed RelA DNA binding by trapping the(More)
Epstein--Barr virus (EBV) is associated with Hodgkin's disease (HD). However, EBV-positive Reed--Sternberg (RS) cells and EBV-positive B lymphocytes co-exist in the same EBV-positive lymph node affected by HD. In a previous report, using total lymph node DNA, the presence of two distinct EBV strains was demonstrated, but their cellular localization (i.e. RS(More)
BACKGROUND Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a fatal malignancy that needs to identify new targets for additional therapeutic options. This study aimed to clarify the clinical and biological significance of endogenous neurotrophin (nerve growth factor (NGF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)) in DLBCL biopsy samples and cell lines. (More)